Antimicrobial Resistance and Ecology: A Dialog Yet to Begin
Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is deemed as one of the major public health concerns of the twenty-first century (WHO 2014), yet knowledge concerning AMR bacteria circulating in wildlife is still in its infancy largely because efforts to establish central collection, evaluation and communication of antimicrobial susceptibility have been focused on human and veterinary data (Wellington et al. 2013; Dias et al. 2015, 2019; Torres et al. 2017). We fully agree with White and Hughes (2019) who, in their recent paper in EcoHealth, strongly encourage a holistic and multidisciplinary One Health approach to tackle the complex and multifaceted problem of AMR. As these authors highlighted, wildlife species can act as sentinel species for AMR surveillance and will help to describe and understand the dynamics and mechanisms for resistance in the environment. We concur with the authors that we have been underestimating the tremendous importance of the animal compartment in contributing to AMR...
This work was supported by the Project EcoARUn (Ref. POCI-01-0145-FEDER-030310), funded by FEDER, through COMPETE2020—Programa Operacional Competitividade e Internacionalização (POCI), and by national funds (OE), through FCT/MCTES. Thanks are due to FCT/MCTES for the financial support to CESAM (UID/AMB/50017/2019), through national funds.
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