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Gender Analysis for One Health: Theoretical Perspectives and Recommendations for Practice


One health emphasizes the interdependent health of humans, animals, and their shared environments and shows promise as an integrated, equitable transdisciplinary approach to important ecohealth issues. Notably, research or programming explicitly examining the intersection of gender and one health is limited, although females represent half of the human population and play important roles in human and animal health around the world. Recognizing these gaps, scholars from the University of Wisconsin-Madison in collaboration with United States Department of Agriculture convened a consultative workshop, “Women and One Health,” in 2016. This paper outlines the workshop methods and highlights outcomes toward shared terminology and integration of frameworks from one health, gender analysis, and women in agriculture. Further, recommendations for education, policy, and service delivery at the intersection of women’s empowerment and one health are offered as important efforts toward the dual goals of gender equality and sustainable health of humans, animals, and their shared ecosystems.

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The authors acknowledge and thank Stephanie J. Salyer and Janet Hyde for critically reading and improving the manuscript. All of the workshop participants are also thanked for their time, expertise, and thoughtful dialog and ideas. We also acknowledge the 4W initiative: Women and Wellbeing in Wisconsin and the World at the University of Wisconsin-Madison and the UW-Madison College of Agricultural and Life Sciences for their collaboration in convening and carrying out the workshop.


The workshop was made possible by financial support from the Global Health Institute at the University of Wisconsin-Madison and through a collaborative agreement with the United States Department of Agriculture. All opinions expressed in this paper are those of the authors and do not represent official positions of the University of Wisconsin-Madison or the United States Department of Agriculture.

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Correspondence to Christopher W. Olsen.



See Textboxes 1 and 2.

Textbox 1 A multidisciplinary approach to fight Chagas disease in Guatemala.
Textbox 2 Gender analysis and the WEAI in rural Ghana: a pilot study.

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Friedson-Ridenour, S., Dutcher, T.V., Calderon, C. et al. Gender Analysis for One Health: Theoretical Perspectives and Recommendations for Practice. EcoHealth 16, 306–316 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s10393-019-01410-w

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  • Women
  • Gender
  • Empowerment
  • Equality
  • Transdisciplinarity
  • One health
  • Ecohealth
  • Agriculture