, Volume 14, Issue 4, pp 805–809 | Cite as

Avian Viral Pathogens in Swallows, Zimbabwe

Infectious Diseases in Hirundinidae: A Risk to Swallow?
  • A. Caron
  • N. Chiweshe
  • J. Mundava
  • C. Abolnik
  • A. Capobianco Dondona
  • M. Scacchia
  • N. Gaidet
Short Communication


We sampled 417 swallows in a wetland ecosystem of Zimbabwe in February 2010 and October 2011. RT-PCR tests revealed circulation of avian paramyxovirus type I, avian influenza and West Nile disease viruses in these populations. We discuss the relevance of these findings in relation to what is known on the epidemiology of these viruses in these hosts and in relation to the host ecology. We conclude with recommendations to focus more research on Passeriformes in disease ecology and in particular on the hirundinidae family.


Hirundinidae Avian influenza Newcastle disease virus West Nile virus Wild birds 



This work was undertaken in the framework of the Research Platform “Production and Conservation in Partnership” ( and funded by the FSP-GRIPAVI (Ministère Français des Affaires Etrangères).


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Copyright information

© EcoHealth Alliance 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Caron
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • N. Chiweshe
    • 4
  • J. Mundava
    • 5
  • C. Abolnik
    • 6
  • A. Capobianco Dondona
    • 7
  • M. Scacchia
    • 7
  • N. Gaidet
    • 2
    • 8
  1. 1.CIRAD, UMR ASTRE, RP-PCPMaputoMozambique
  2. 2.ASTRE, Univ. de Montpellier, CIRAD, INRA, CiradMontpellierFrance
  3. 3.Faculdade de VeterináriaUniversidade Eduardo MondlaneMaputoMozambique
  4. 4.Research Platform Production and Conservation in Partnership, CiradUniversity of ZimbabweHarareZimbabwe
  5. 5.National University of Science and TechnologyBulawayoZimbabwe
  6. 6.Poultry Section, Department of Production Animal Studies, Faculty of Veterinary ScienceUniversity of PretoriaOnderstepoortSouth Africa
  7. 7.Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale dell’Abruzzo e del Molise “G. Caporale”TeramoItaly
  8. 8.CIRAD, UMR ASTREMontpellierFrance

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