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EcoHealth

, Volume 14, Issue 1, pp 171–177 | Cite as

Predicting the Potential Role of Non-human Hosts in Zika Virus Maintenance

  • Constantino González-SalazarEmail author
  • Christopher R. Stephens
  • Víctor Sánchez-Cordero
Short Communication

Abstract

Arboviruses are often maintained in complex cycles involving vertebrates such as mammals or birds and blood-feeding mosquitoes. However, the role of wildlife hosts in their emergence or re-emergence in human populations has received little attention. The recent emergence of Zika virus in America, and previous occurrences of chikungunya and dengue, forces us to confront a potential new disease-emergence phenomenon. Using a spatial data mining framework to identify potential biotic interactions, based on the degree of co-occurrence between different species, we identified those mammal species with the highest potential for establishing mammal–vector interactions, considering as principal vector Aedes aegypti. Seven of the top ten identified mammal species with highest potential were bats, with two of them having previously been confirmed as positive hosts for dengue in Mexico. We hope that this will raise interest of Mexican public health authorities and academic institutions to assess the role of wild hosts in the maintenance and spread of arboviruses.

Keywords

Wildlife host Dengue Chikungunya Zika virus Arbovirus Aedes aegypti 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Mosquito data were kindly provided by the National Commission for the Knowledge and Use of Biodiversity (Comision Nacional para el Conocimiento y Uso de la Biodiversidad, CONABIO) of Mexico. We deeply thank two anonymous referees for their significant comments and suggestions to improve this manuscript. We are grateful for financial support from PAPIIT-UNAM grant number IG200217. CGS is grateful for financial support from the Centro de Ciencias de la Complejidad and the Laboratorio Nacional de Ciencias de la Complejidad.

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Copyright information

© International Association for Ecology and Health 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.C3 – Centro de Ciencias de la ComplejidadUniversidad Nacional Autónoma de MéxicoMexico CityMexico
  2. 2.Instituto de Ciencias NuclearesUniversidad Nacional Autónoma de MéxicoMexico CityMexico
  3. 3.Instituto de BiologíaUniversidad Nacional Autónoma de MéxicoMexico CityMexico

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