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EcoHealth

, Volume 10, Issue 1, pp 48–53 | Cite as

Survey of Plasmodium spp. in Free-Ranging Neotropical Primates from the Brazilian Amazon Region impacted by Anthropogenic Actions

  • Marina G. BuenoEmail author
  • Fabio Rohe
  • Karin Kirchgatter
  • Silvia M. F. Di Santi
  • Lilian O. Guimarães
  • Carmel L. Witte
  • Maria J. Costa-Nascimento
  • Christina R. C. Toniolo
  • José Luiz Catão-Dias
Short Communication

Abstract

This study investigated Plasmodium spp. infection in free-ranging neotropical primates from Brazilian Amazon regions under the impact of major anthropogenic actions. Blood samples from 19 new world primates were collected and analyzed with microscopic and molecular procedures. The prevalence of Plasmodium infection was 21.0% (4/19) and PCR positive samples were identified as P. brasilianum. Considering the social-economic changes that the Amazon is facing, the prevalence of P. brasilianum infection highlights the necessity to closely monitor the movement of both human and non-human primate populations, in order to mitigate pathogen exposure and the introduction of new agents into previously naïve areas.

Keywords

Plasmodium spp. neotropical primates Amazon regions Brazil 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We would like to thank Dr. Luis Fabio Silveira (Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de São Paulo) and the WCS Brazil team for their support during sample collection. We are grateful to Marco Antonio Rego (Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de São Paulo) for creating the maps (Fig. 1). José Luiz Catão-Dias is a recipient of a scholarship by the Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico—CNPq (301517/2006-1). The author would also like to thank FAPESP for financial support (Grants 09/51466-4; 09/53561-4).

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Copyright information

© International Association for Ecology and Health 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marina G. Bueno
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Fabio Rohe
    • 3
  • Karin Kirchgatter
    • 4
  • Silvia M. F. Di Santi
    • 4
  • Lilian O. Guimarães
    • 4
  • Carmel L. Witte
    • 5
  • Maria J. Costa-Nascimento
    • 4
  • Christina R. C. Toniolo
    • 4
  • José Luiz Catão-Dias
    • 1
  1. 1.Departamento de Patologia, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e ZootecniaUniversidade de São PauloSão PauloBrazil
  2. 2.Tríade—Instituto Brasileiro Para Medicina da ConservaçãoPernambucoBrazil
  3. 3.Wildlife Conservation Society/WCSRio de JaneiroBrazil
  4. 4.Núcleo de Estudos em Malária, Superintendência de Controle de Endemias/Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São PauloUniversidade de São PauloSão PauloBrazil
  5. 5.Wildlife Disease LaboratoriesInstitute for Conservation Research San Diego Zoo GlobalEscondidoCA

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