Sociodemographic factors associated with birth interval: a study among rural women in Chandina, Comilla, Bangladesh
- 14 Downloads
The aim of this study was to determine the average birth interval and its possible correlation with sociodemographic factors in Chandina, Comilla, Bangladesh.
Subjects and methods
A cross-sectional study among 128 rural women was conducted in Chandina, Comilla, Bangladesh during a period of two weeks in March 2015. The study was carried out as a house-to-house survey of all households in two selected villages using an interview schedule in the Bangla.
This study reported that the mean birth interval among rural women aged between 15 and 49 years old was 46.5 ± 19.47 months, while the median birth interval between two successive live births was 48 months. Respondents’ education was found to be significantly correlated to birth intervals in this study (p = 0.047).
The prevalence rate of 21.9% for birth intervals of less than 36 months found in this research provides some insights into the measures that need to be taken to encourage women in rural communities to lengthen their birth intervals to more than 36 months. This could prevent complications that may arise from shorter birth intervals and frequent pregnancies.
KeywordsBirth interval Demographic factors Rural Women
This study was funded by IMU, Malaysia. The authors gratefully acknowledge the helpful advice and suggestions of mentor/supervisor Dr. T Arokiasamy, and all participants. This study would not have been possible without their assistance and cooperation.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.
- Al-Nahedh NNA (1999) The effect of sociodemographic variables on child spacing in rural Saudi Arabia. East Mediterr Health J 5(1):136–141. http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/118694/EMHJ_1999_5_1_136_140.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y. Accessed 3 June 2016
- Ayanaw A (2008) Proximate determinants of birth interval length in Amhara region: the case of Fagita Lekoma woreda, Awi-zone. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. http://etd.aau.edu.et/handle/123456789/10058. Accessed 3 June 2016
- Central Statistical Agency [Ethiopia] and ICF International (2012) Ethiopia Demographic and Health Survey 2011. Central Statistical Agency and ICF International, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia and Calverton, Maryland, USA. https://dhsprogram.com/pubs/pdf/fr255/fr255.pdf. Accessed 3 June 2016
- de Jonge HC, Azad K, Seward N, Kuddus A, Shaha S, Beard J, Costello A, Houweling TA, Fottrell E (2014) Determinants and consequences of short birth interval in rural Bangladesh: a cross-sectional study. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 14:427. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4314752. Accessed 3 June 2016
- Fallahzadeh H, Farajpour Z, Emam Z (2013) Duration and determinants of birth interval in Yazd, Iran: a population study. Iran J Reprod Med 11(5):379–384. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3941411. Accessed 3 June 2016
- International Institute for PopulationSciences (IIPS) and Macro International (2007) National Family Health Survey (NFHS-3), 2005–06: India: volume I. IIPS, Mumbai. https://dhsprogram.com/pubs/pdf/frind3/frind3-vol1andvol2.pdf. Accessed 3 June 2016
- Nair SN (1996) Determinants of birth intervals in Kerala: an application of Cox’s hazard model. Genus 52(3–4):47–65Google Scholar
- National Institute of Population Research and Training (NIPORT), Mitra and Associates, and ICFInternational (2013) Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey 2011 https://dhsprogram.com/pubs/pdf/fr265/fr265.pdf. Accessed 3 June 2016
- National Population Commission (NPC) [Nigeria] and ICF International (2014) Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey 2013. NPC and ICF International, Abuja, Nigeria, and Rockville, Maryland, USA. https://dhsprogram.com/pubs/pdf/fr293/fr293.pdf. Accessed 3 June 2016
- Nega W, Woncheko E (2012) The determinants of birth interval in rural Ethiopia. https://www.statistics.gov.hk/wsc/CPS108-P4-S.pdf. Accessed 3 June 2016
- Public Health Action Support Team (PHAST) (n.d.) The effect on population structure of fertility, mortality and migration. https://www.healthknowledge.org.uk/public-health-textbook/health-information/3a-populations/fertility-mortality-migration. Accessed 30 December 2018
- Rao SR, Townsend J, Askew J (2006) Correlates of inter-birth intervals: implications of optimal birth spacing strategies in Mozambique. http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.581.9104&rep=rep1&type=pdf. Accessed 3 June 2016
- Rasheed P, Al-Dabal BK (2007) Birth interval: perceptions and practices among urban-based Saudi Arabian women. East Mediterr Health J 13(4):881–892Google Scholar
- Rutstein SO (2005) Effects of preceding birth intervals on neonatal, infant and under-five years mortality and nutritional status in developing countries: evidence from the demographic and health surveys. Int J Gynaecol Obstet 89:S7–S24. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15820369. Accessed 3 June 2016
- Setty-Venugopal V, Upadhyay UD (2002) Birth spacing: three to five saves lives. Population Reports, Series L, No. 13. Baltimore, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Population Information Program, Summer 2002Google Scholar
- Singh SN, Singh SN, Narendra RK (2010) Demographic and socio-economic determinants of birth interval dynamics in Manipur: a survival analysis. Online J Health Allied Sci 9(4):3 https://www.ojhas.org/issue36/2010-4-3.htm. Accessed 3 June 2016
- Singh R, Tripathi V, Kalaivani M, Singh K, Dwivedi SN (2012) Determinants of birth intervals in Tamil Nadu in India: developing cox hazard models with validations and predictions. Rev Colomb Estadistica 35:289–307Google Scholar