Journal of Public Health

, Volume 27, Issue 1, pp 57–62 | Cite as

Lifestyle habits and well-being among primary health physicians in western Saudi Arabia

  • Shaima J. Alshareef
  • Abdullah Alzahrani
  • Fayssal M. FarahatEmail author
Original Article



This study aimed to assess the lifestyle habits and well-being of primary healthcare physicians working at the Ministry of National Guard Health Affairs in western Saudi Arabia.

Subjects and methods

This cross-sectional study was conducted at the primary healthcare centers affiliated with the National Guard Health Affairs in western Saudi Arabia. A self-administered questionnaire was applied. The questionnaire included the demographic information, medical history, physical activity, and food and smoking habits. The stress level was assessed using the 10-cm visual analog scale. Descriptive statistics were performed.


Participants’ mean (± SD) age was 39.3 ± 12.3 years, and 51.9% of them were female. More than half of the studied physicians were either overweight or obese. In the past 6 months, 40.6% of the participants had followed a diet to reduce their weight and 35% practiced sports 3–4 days/week. Reported chronic diseases were hyperlipidemia, hypertension, bronchial asthma, and diabetes. General health was identified as fair by 15.6%, good by 54.4%, and excellent by 30% of the participants. A moderate-high stress level was perceived by 77.5% of the participants.


Health and well-being promotion programs should be established for physicians in primary care centers coinciding with regular check-ups and screenings for early detection and intervention to reduce the burden of lifestyle-associated diseases among primary care physicians.


Lifestyle Well-being Primary care physicians 



No funding was provided for this study.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

The authors have no disclosure to make related to the content of this manuscript.

Ethical approval

This study was approved by the Institutional Review board (IRB) of King Abdullah International Medical Research Center (KAIMRC). All procedures in this study were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

This article does not contain any studies with animals performed by any of the authors.

Informed consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shaima J. Alshareef
    • 1
  • Abdullah Alzahrani
    • 2
  • Fayssal M. Farahat
    • 2
    • 3
    Email author
  1. 1.Family Medicine ResidentKing Abdulaziz Medical CityJeddahSaudi Arabia
  2. 2.King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, King Abdullah International Medical Research CenterKing Abdulaziz Medical CityJeddahSaudi Arabia
  3. 3.Faculty of MedicineMenoufia UniversityMenoufiaEgypt

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