Journal of Public Health

, Volume 26, Issue 5, pp 523–529 | Cite as

Prevalence of cardiovascular diseases in Punjab, Pakistan: a cross-sectional study

  • Faiza Zubair
  • Syed Kashif Nawaz
  • Ammara Nawaz
  • Hasnain Nangyal
  • Naila Amjad
  • Muhammad Saleem KhanEmail author
Original Article



The purpose of the present study was to measure the frequency of CVDs and some of the risk factors and to familiarize people with information on the high rates of mortality and morbidity due to CVDs in the studied areas of Punjab, Pakistan.


Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the leading cause of sudden death. CVDs are a major health problem in Pakistan, and the number of patients is increasing daily.


The purpose of the present study was to measure the frequency of CVDs and some of the risk factors and to familiarize people with information on the high rates of mortality and morbidity due to CVDs in the studied areas of Punjab, Pakistan.


A cross-sectional study was conducted to investigate the prevalence of cardiovascular diseases in the local population of 53 cities in Punjab, Pakistan. A total of 6351 individuals were contacted to collect data using a questionnaire from October 2014 to September 2015. Data were collected directly by meeting the participants or indirectly through relatives and friends.


Of the participants, 49.2% (3127/6351) were male and 50.8% (3224/6351) female. The data showed that 17.5% (1109/6351) of the population had CVDs with 16.6% (519/3127) being male and 18.3% (590/3224) female.


This study concluded that CVDs are a serious problem for both genders and affected 17.5% of the studied population. Diseases are more common in females than males with young age of onset. An inactive lifestyle, low level of activity and family history of disease could be disease risk factors in the study area.


Cardiovascular disease Cohort study Onset age Sargodha Punjab Pakistan 



The authors acknowledge the University of Sargodha for providing support to develop the research and manuscript. This research was done using the university's own resources and did not receive any grant or funds in any form.


This research received no grant or funds in any form. The work presented in this manuscript is the product of the authors' own efforts

Compliance with ethical standards

Ethical approval

All adopted procedures and methodology used were in agreement with the ethical standards for research at the university.

Conflict of interest

All authors declare that they have no conflict of interest


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Faiza Zubair
    • 1
  • Syed Kashif Nawaz
    • 1
  • Ammara Nawaz
    • 2
  • Hasnain Nangyal
    • 3
  • Naila Amjad
    • 2
  • Muhammad Saleem Khan
    • 4
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of ZoologyUniversity Of SargodhaSargodhaPakistan
  2. 2.Department of ZoologyUniversity of LahoreSargodha CampusPakistan
  3. 3.Department of BotanyHazara UniversityMansehraPakistan
  4. 4.Department of ZoologyGovernment College UniversityFaisalabadPakistan

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