Female sexual dysfunction in Egyptian women with anxiety: prevalence and patterns
- 112 Downloads
Sexual function is extremely complicated, and various factors including psychological issues can influence women’s behavior. The purpose of this study was to assess female sexual dysfunction (FSD) and its related factors in women with anxiety disorder in Beni-Suef, Upper Egypt.
Subjects and methods
A cross-sectional study was carried out between July and October 2017 with a sample size of 119 women of reproductive age and diagnosed with anxiety using The Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) at the Psychiatric Outpatient Clinic of Beni-Suef General Hospital, Upper Egypt. Sexual dysfunction was assessed using the Arabic version of the Female Sexual Function Index (ArFSFI).
The mean age of the enrolled women was 33.3 ± 7.2 years. Of these, 43.7% had mild anxiety, 33.6% moderate anxiety, and 22.7% severe anxiety, and 76 (77.6%) had FSD. Dysfunctions in lubrication, arousal and experience of pain were the most commonly reported problems at 95%, 88.2% and 84.9%, respectively. The BAI scores were negatively correlated with the scores of the various FSFI domains (p < 0.05). Old age, irregular menstrual cycles, and long periods of marriage were risk factors for developing FSD (p < 0.05).
FSD is highly prevalent in patients with anxiety. Higher anxiety scores inversely correlated with the patients’ sexuality. Further research should focus on possible roles for counseling programs on mitigating the negative sexual consequences of anxiety.
KeywordsSexual dysfunction Anxiety Prevalence Egypt
This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.
Compliance with ethical standards
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
- Montgomery KA (2008) Sexual desire disorders. Psychiatry (Edgmont) 5(6):50–55Google Scholar
- Molina-Leyva A, Almodovar-Real A, Carrascosa JC-R, Molina-Leyva I, Naranjo-Sintes R, Jimenez-Moleon JJ (2015) Distribution pattern of psoriasis, anxiety and depression as possible causes of sexual dysfunction in patients with moderate to severe psoriasis. An Bras Dermatol 90(3):338–345CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
- Sepehrian F, Hosseinpoor L (2012) Female sexual dysfunction and its related factors in urmia. Urmia Med J 23(2):148–154Google Scholar
- Shadman Z, Akhoundan M, Poorsoltan N, Larijani B, Arzaghi SM, Khoshniat M (2014) Factors associated with sexual function in Iranian women with type 2 diabetes mellitus: partner relationship as the most important predictor. Iran Red Crescent Med J 16(3):e14941. https://doi.org/10.5812/ircmj.14941 CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
- World Health Organization (1975) Education and treatment in human sexuality: the training of health professionals. World Health Organization, Geneva, SwitzerlandGoogle Scholar
- Yazdanpanahi Z, Beygi Z, Akbarzadeh M, Zare N (2016) To investigate the relationship between stress, anxiety and depression with sexual function and its domains in women of reproductive age. Int J Med Res Health Sci 5(10):223–231Google Scholar