Journal of Public Health

, Volume 26, Issue 5, pp 531–543 | Cite as

Risk modeling of non-communicable diseases using socio-demographic characteristics, lifestyle and family disease history among university students in Bangladesh

  • Sahadat Hossain
  • Md. Shakhaoat HossainEmail author
  • Afifa Anjum
  • Fahad Ahmed
  • Md. Forhad Hossain
  • Md. Elias Uddin
Original Article



The objective of this study was to determine risk factors for non-communicable diseases (NCDs) on the basis of socio-demographic characteristics, lifestyle-related determinants, environmental and psychological characteristics, and individual and family disease history among university students in Bangladesh.

Study design

Cross-sectional survey.


Using the WHO STEPwise approach for NCDs, a cross-sectional study was conducted among 1,140 students. The collected data were analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) software, version 22.


In all, 29.2% of the respondents (BMI ≥ 23.00 kg/m2) were overweight and/or obese, and almost two-thirds (65%) of them did not take part in any physical activity (PA). A third (33.3%, p = 0.002) of male smokers reported health problems and it was found that environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) was significantly responsible for developing asthma (OR = 0.55; CI = 0.33–0.93). Individual and family history of NCDs was statistically significant for obesity and asthma and considerably increased the odds ratio for heart disease.


This study shows that the number of students suffering from different types of NCDs is not negligible. Their lifestyle and family history of NCDs are responsible for this to a significant extent. Urgent initiatives should be taken to rein in the spread of NCDs among the youth of Bangladesh.


Non-communicable diseases Socio-demographic characteristics Lifestyle Family diseases BMI Bangladesh 


Authors’ contributions

S.H. conceived the study, was responsible for the implementation, analysis and interpretation of data and wrote the manuscript. M.S.H. supervised the study and critically revised the manuscript. A.A. and F.A. contributed to the implementation of the study, data processing and manuscript development. M.F.H. critically reviewed the statistical analysis section of the paper. M.E.U. critically reviewed and edited the manuscript.


This study was financially supported by the Research Grant Program 2016 of the Jahangirnagar University Science Club (JUSC), Savar, Dhaka-1342, Bangladesh.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

This study was conducted while maintaining ethical standards to the highest possible extent. The research proposal was approved by the Department of Public Health and Informatics, Jahangirnagar University, Bangladesh. International ethical guidelines for biomedical research involving human subjects were followed throughout the study. All participants read, understood, and signed a written consent form. The ethical clearance for data collection was given by the respective faculty and department heads.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sahadat Hossain
    • 1
  • Md. Shakhaoat Hossain
    • 1
    Email author
  • Afifa Anjum
    • 1
  • Fahad Ahmed
    • 2
  • Md. Forhad Hossain
    • 3
  • Md. Elias Uddin
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Public Health and InformaticsJahangirnagar UniversityDhakaBangladesh
  2. 2.Department of Environmental SciencesJahangirnagar UniversityDhakaBangladesh
  3. 3.Department of StatisticsJahangirnagar UniversityDhakaBangladesh
  4. 4.Department of EnglishUniversity of DhakaDhakaBangladesh

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