Advertisement

Smoking and alcohol consumption among university students of the healthcare area

  • Gélica Lima Granja
  • Jhonatan Thiago Lacerda-Santos
  • Daniely de Moura Brilhante
  • Ítalo de Sousa Nóbrega
  • Ana Flávia Granville-Garcia
  • Arnaldo de França Caldas Junior
  • Jalber Almeida dos Santos
Original Article
  • 9 Downloads

Abstract

Aim

To investigate the prevalence of alcohol and tobacco consumption as well as behavioral and socio-demographic aspects among undergraduate students in the healthcare area of a Brazilian private university.

Subjects and methods

A cross-sectional study was conducted with undergraduate students in health sciences courses, with randomized probabilistic sampling proportional to the number of students in each course. Two trained researchers, by means of a socio-demographic and behavioral questionnaire, carried out the data collection. One questionnaire related to the smoking habit and the other the Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test. The data were entered and organized in SPSS software, version 20.0 for Windows (Statistical Package for the Social Sciences), presented through descriptive (absolute and percentage distribution) and analytic statistics.

Results

The total sample was composed of 317 students (29.7% male and 70.3% female). The prevalence rate of nicotine consumption was 3.2% and hazardous alcohol consumption 31.9% among university students. It was verified that the habit of smoking was more prevalent among male students (p = 0.007). The hazardous use of alcohol was proportionally greater among male undergraduates (p < 0.001) in the physical education course (p = 0.003) who were smokers (p < 0.001).

Conclusion

The prevalence of smoking was low, with the majority of smokers being male, while the hazardous use of alcohol among university students was high, also predominantly among males.

Keywords

Health sciences students Smoking Alcoholism Consumption of alcohol at university 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that there are no conflicts of interest.

This research did not receive any specific concession from financing agencies in the public, commercial or non-profit sectors.

Ethical approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

References

  1. Amaral MB, Lourenço LM, Ronzani TM (2006) Beliefs about alcohol use among university students. J Subst Abus Treat 31(2):181–185.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsat.2006.04.004 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Annunziata A, Vecchio R, Mariani A (2017) Alcohol warnings and moderate drinking patterns among Italian University students: an exploratory study. Nutrients 9(6):628.  https://doi.org/10.3390/nu9060628 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Barbor TF, Higgins-Biddle JC, Sunders JB, Monteiro MG (2001) AUDIT—the alcohol use disorders identification test: guidelines for use in primary care, 2nd edn. World Health Organization, GenevaGoogle Scholar
  4. Barra CL, Fernández PP, Granada GF, Ávila CP, Mallea MJ, Rodríguez MY (2015) Diagnóstico del consumo de Tabaco en estudiantes de pregrado de la Pontificia Universidad Católica de Valparaíso. Rev méd Chile 143(10):1343–1350.  https://doi.org/10.4067/S0034-98872015001000014 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Batista ES, Campos TN, Valente FX, Priore SE, Franceschini SCC, Sabarense CM, Peluzio MCG (2011) Impacto do Tabagismo e Álcool sobre a Composição corporal de Jovens. Revista Brasileira de Cancerologia 57(3):355–363Google Scholar
  6. Bedendo A, Andrade ALM, Opaleye ES, Noto AR (2017) Binge drinking: a pattern associated with a risk of problems of alcohol use among university students. Rev Latino-Am Enfermagem 25:e2925.  https://doi.org/10.1590/1518-8345.1891.2925 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Beenstock J, Adams J, White M (2011) The association between time perspective and alcohol consumption in university students: cross-sectional study. Eur J Pub Health 21(4):438–443.  https://doi.org/10.1093/eurpub/ckp225 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Botelho C, Silva AMP, Melo CD (2011) Tabagismo em universitários de ciências da saúde: prevalência e conhecimento. J Bras Pneumol 37(3):360–366.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S1806-37132011000300013 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Brandão YST, Correia DS, de Farias MSJA, Antunes TMT, da Silva LA (2011) The prevalence of alcohol consumption among the students newly enrolled at a public university. Journal of Pharmacy and Bioallied Sciences 3(3):345–349.  https://doi.org/10.4103/0975-7406.84434 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Brasil. Ministério da Saúde. Secretaria de Vigilância em Saúde. Instituto Nacional de Câncer (2004) Inquérito domiciliar sobre comportamentos de risco e morbidade referida de doenças e agravos não transmissíveis: Brasil, 15 capitais de Distrito Federal, 2002–2003. INCA, Rio de JaneiroGoogle Scholar
  11. Castaño-Perez GA, Calderon-Vallejo GA (2014) Problems associated with alcohol consumption by university students. Rev. Latino-Am. Enfermagem 22(5):739–746.  https://doi.org/10.1590/0104-1169.3579.2475 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Dantas LR, Gomes MC, de Lima LCM, Cruz-da-Silva BR, Dantas LR, Granville-Garcia AF (2017) Abuse of legal and street drugs among Brazilian university students. J Public Health 25:645.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10389-017-0813-4 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Davoren MP, Demant J, Shiely F, Perry IJ (2016) Alcohol consumption among university students in Ireland and the United Kingdom from 2002 to 2014: a systematic review. BMC Public Health 19(16):173.  https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-016-2843-1. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Ferreira LN, Sales ZN, Casotti CA, Bispo Júnior JP, Braga Júnior ACR (2011) Perfil do consumo de bebidas alcoólicas e fatores associados em um município do Nordeste do Brasil. Cad Saúde Pública 27(8):1473–1486.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S0102-311X2011000800003 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Gierski F, Benzerouk F, De Wever E, Duka T, Kaladjian A, Quaglino V, Naassila M (2017) Cloninger’s temperament and character dimensions of personality and binge drinking among college students. Alcohol Clin Exp Res 41(11):1970–1979.  https://doi.org/10.1111/acer.13497 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Gonzales KR, Largo TW, Miller C, Kanny D, Brewer RD (2015) Consumption of alcoholic beverages and liquor consumption by Michigan high school students, 2011. Prev Chronic Dis 12:150290.  https://doi.org/10.5888/pcd12.150290 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Granville-Garcia AF, Branco ACL, Sarmento DJS, Cavalcanti AL, D’Avila S, Menezes VA (2009) Tabagismo e fatores associados entre acadêmicos de odontologia. RFO UPF 14(2):92–98Google Scholar
  18. Granville-Garcia AF, Sarmento DJ, Santos JA, Pinto TA, Sousa RV, Cavalcanti AL (2012) Smoking among undergraduate students in the area of health. Cien Saude Colet 17:389–396.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S1413-81232012000200013 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Imai FI, Coelho IZ, Bastos JL (2014) Excessive alcohol consumption, smoking, and associated factors in a representative sample of undergraduate students from the Federal University of Santa Catarina, 2012: a cross-sectional study. Epidemiol Serv Saúde 23:435–446.  https://doi.org/10.5123/S1679-49742014000300006 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Kuntsche E, Kuntsche S (2017) Development and initial validation of the alcohol expectancy task. Alcohol Clin Exp Res 41(8):1461–1470.  https://doi.org/10.1111/acer.13427 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Leão AS, Moura Soares NM, Gonçalves ECA, Silva DAS, Silva RJDS, Thomazzi SM (2017) Simultaneous health risk behaviors in adolescents associated with higher economic class in the northeast of Brazil. ScientificWorldJournal 2017:3587567.  https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/3587567 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Lima CT, Freire AC, Silva AP, Teixeira RM, Farrell M, Prince M (2005) Concurrent and construct validity of the audit in an urban Brazilian sample. Alcohol Alcohol 40(6):584–589.  https://doi.org/10.1093/alcalc/agh202 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Llambi L, Barros M, Parodi C, Cora M, Garces G (2016) Teaching tobacco cessation to large student cohorts through train-the-trainers and problem based learning strategies. Educ Health 29:89–94.  https://doi.org/10.4103/1357-6283.188726 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Patel J, Angolkar M, Murthy S, Mallapur MD (2016) Prevalence of tobacco consumption and its contributing factors among students of a private medical college in Belgaum: a cross sectional study. Ethiop J Health Sci 26(3):209–216.  https://doi.org/10.4314/ejhs.v26i3.3 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Ramis TR, Mielke GI, Habeyche EC, Oliz MM, Azevedo MR, Hallal PC (2012) Tabagismo e consumo de álcool em estudantes universitários: prevalência e fatores associados. Rev bras epidemiol 15(2):376–385.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S1415-790X2012000200015 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Rodrigues GA, Galvão V, Viegas CAA (2008) Prevalência do tabagismo entre dentistas do Distrito Federal. J Bras Pneumol 34(5):288–293CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Santos WS, Gouveia VV, Fernandes DP, Souza SSB, Grangeiro ASM (2012) Alcohol use disorder identification test (AUDIT): explorando seus parâmetros psicométricos. J bras Psiquiatr 61(3):117–123.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S0047-20852012000300001 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Swendsen J, Conway KP, Degenhardt L et al (2009) Socio-demographic risk factors for alcohol and drug dependence: the 10-year follow-up of the national comorbidity survey. Addiction 104(8):1346–1355.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1360-0443.2009.02622.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Tiburcio SM, Rosete-Mohedano MG, Natera Rey G, Martínez Vélez NA, Carreño García S, Pérez Cisneros D (2016) Validity and reliability of the alcohol, smoking, and substance involvement screening test (ASSIST) in university students. Adicciones 28(1):19–27.  https://doi.org/10.20882/adicciones.786 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. VanDevanter N, Zhou S, Katigbak C, Naegle M, Sherman S, Weitzman M (2016) Knowledge, beliefs, behaviors, and social norms related to use of alternative tobacco products among undergraduate and graduate nursing students in an urban US university setting. J Nurs Scholarsh 48(2):147–153.  https://doi.org/10.1111/jnu.12192 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Wang JC, Cruchaga C, Saccone NL et al (2009) Risk for nicotine dependence and lung cancer is conferred by mRNA expression levels and amino acid change in CHRNA5. Hum Mol Genet 18(16):3125–3135.  https://doi.org/10.1093/hmg/ddp231 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Whittier A, Sanchez S, Castañeda B et al (2014) Eveningness Chronotype, daytime sleepiness, caffeine consumption, and use of other stimulants among Peruvian University students. Journal of Caffeine Research 4(1):21–27.  https://doi.org/10.1089/jcr.2013.0029 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. WHO ASSIST Working Group (2002) The alcohol, smoking and substance involvement screening test (ASSIST): development, reliability and feasibility. Addiction 97:1183–1194.  https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1360-0443.2002.00185.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gélica Lima Granja
    • 1
  • Jhonatan Thiago Lacerda-Santos
    • 1
  • Daniely de Moura Brilhante
    • 2
  • Ítalo de Sousa Nóbrega
    • 2
  • Ana Flávia Granville-Garcia
    • 1
  • Arnaldo de França Caldas Junior
    • 3
  • Jalber Almeida dos Santos
    • 2
  1. 1.Postgraduate Program in DentistryState University of ParaíbaCampina GrandeBrazil
  2. 2.Department of DentistryIntegrated Faculty of PatosPatosBrazil
  3. 3.Department of Clinical and Preventive DentistryFederal University of PernambucoRecifeBrazil

Personalised recommendations