Journal of Public Health

, Volume 25, Issue 4, pp 351–356 | Cite as

Women’s life span and age at parity

  • Aida Isabel TavaresEmail author
Original Article



The association between female longevity and age at parity has been discussed in the literature for some time now without a consensual conclusion being reached. Most studies use individual data and aggregated data is still to be explored. This work presents a new perspective about the relation between women’s life span and age at parity.

Subject and methods

Our study uses data at a country level to estimate a panel data linear regression for the EU countries in the period 2004-2013. The women’s life span is measured by life expectancy at 65 years old and the age at parity is captured by three different indicators: mean age of women at birth of first child, mean age of women at childbirth and percentage of adolescent mothers.


The most relevant result shows that women tend to live longer the older they are when they get pregnant (in particular, for the first child).


There are several determinant factors of women’s life expectancy. The most surprising factor is the age of women at pregnancy, which may provide evidence to promote pregnancy in the early 30’s.


Life expectancy Parity Age Panel data EU 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interests

There are no conflict of interests.


No grants were received.

No ethical approval

No ethical approval is needed; data is publicly available.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.CEISUC, Centre of Studies and Research in Health of the University of CoimbraCoimbraPortugal

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