Women’s life span and age at parity
- 291 Downloads
The association between female longevity and age at parity has been discussed in the literature for some time now without a consensual conclusion being reached. Most studies use individual data and aggregated data is still to be explored. This work presents a new perspective about the relation between women’s life span and age at parity.
Subject and methods
Our study uses data at a country level to estimate a panel data linear regression for the EU countries in the period 2004-2013. The women’s life span is measured by life expectancy at 65 years old and the age at parity is captured by three different indicators: mean age of women at birth of first child, mean age of women at childbirth and percentage of adolescent mothers.
The most relevant result shows that women tend to live longer the older they are when they get pregnant (in particular, for the first child).
There are several determinant factors of women’s life expectancy. The most surprising factor is the age of women at pregnancy, which may provide evidence to promote pregnancy in the early 30’s.
KeywordsLife expectancy Parity Age Panel data EU
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interests
There are no conflict of interests.
No grants were received.
No ethical approval
No ethical approval is needed; data is publicly available.
- Buck D, Maguire D (2015) Inequalities in life expectancy, changes over time and implications for policy. The Kings Fund. Ideas that change healthcareGoogle Scholar
- Dahlgren G, Whitehead M (1991) Policies and Strategies to Promote Social Equity in Health. Stockholm, Sweden: Institute for Futures StudiesGoogle Scholar
- Erlich S (2015) Effect of fertility and infertility on longevity. Fertil Steril 103(5):1129–35Google Scholar
- Eurostat (2016) Eurostat database available at http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat
- Lockhart PA, Martin P, Johnson MA, Shirtcliff E, Poon LW (2016) The relationship of fertility, lifestyle and longevity among women. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci (forthcoming)Google Scholar
- Marmot M, Atkinson T, Bell J, et al (2010) Fair society, healthy lives. London: Institute for Health Equity, University College London. Available at: www.instituteofhealthequity.org/projects/fair-society-healthy-lives-themarmot-review
- Perls TT, Sun F, Sebastiani P et al (2014) Extended maternal age at birth of last child and women’s longevity in the long life family study. Menopause 22(1):26–31Google Scholar
- WHO (2008) CSDH final report: Closing the gap in a generation: health equity through action on the social determinants of health. Commission on Social Determinants of Health. Geneva, Switzerland: WHOGoogle Scholar
- WHO (2016) European Health for all database (HFA-DB) available at http://www.euro.who.int/en/data-and-evidence/databases/european-health-for-all-database-hfa-db