Journal of Public Health

, Volume 25, Issue 3, pp 289–297 | Cite as

Effect of socio-demographic factors and obesity on blood pressure among adults based on health status in Gaza, Palestine

  • Mohammed S. ElluluEmail author
  • Yehia Abed
Original Article



To identify risk factors of elevated blood pressure due to differences in socio-demographic factors, obesity, and health status.


Cross-sectional study. A total of 482 participants were chosen from Primary Healthcare Centers in Gaza City, Palestine, based on objective criteria.


Systolic and diastolic blood pressure (SBP and DBP) showed significant differences according to different educational, menopausal, obesity, and health statuses, but no significant differences due to sex, marital status, and family size. Correlations of SBP with age, waist circumference, and weight were significant at P = 0.001 (r s = 0.444, r s = 0.434, and r s = 0.323, respectively). Correlations of DBP with age, waist circumference, and weight were also significant at P = 0.001 (r s = 0.170, r s = 0.374, and r s = 0.362, respectively). A total of 169 subjects out of 482 have SBP ≥130 mmHg and DBP ≥85 mmHg. By the multivariate logistic regression model, the odds ratio (OR) for obesity equaled 2.768 (95% CI: 1.183 to 6.475, P = 0.019), OR for having a mother with one or more chronic diseases equaled 1.886 (95% CI: 1.185 to 3.003, P = 0.007), and OR for a medium-sized family (6–10 members) equaled 0.611 (95% CI: 0.376 to 0.994, P = 0.013).


Blood pressure increased by elevated body mass index and waist circumference; participants who have a mother with hypertension and/or diabetes are most likely to have higher blood pressure.


Blood pressure Obesity Socio-demographic factors Parent’s history Diabetes Palestine 



The abstract of this article was presented at the 9th Asia Pacific Conference of Clinical Nutrition (9th APCCN), 26–29 January 2015, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Author contributions

MSE: performed assembly of data and shared in the design of the study, statistical analysis, writing, and interpretation.

YA: designed the study, shared coordination, and helped to draft the manuscript and interpretation.

Compliance with ethical standards

This study was approved by Universiti Putra Malaysia (reference no. [FPSK_Mac (13)04]) and ethically approved by the Helsinki Committee for Ethical Approval of Gaza, Palestine (no. [PHRC/HC/11/13]).

Ethical approval

All procedures performed in studies involving human subjects were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

Informed consent

Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

Conflict of interest

Authors MSE and YA declare that they have no conflicts of interest.

All authors read and approved the final manuscript.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Medicine and Health SciencesUniversiti Putra Malaysia (UPM)Serdang, SelangorMalaysia
  2. 2.Clinical Nutrition SpecialistGazaPalestine
  3. 3.Faculty of Public HealthAl-Quds UniversityGazaPalestine
  4. 4.Primary Health Care Specialist (Gaza 2020: Health Matters)GazaPalestine

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