Journal of Public Health

, Volume 24, Issue 5, pp 375–385 | Cite as

Gender differentials in prevalence of self-reported non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in India: evidence from recent NSSO survey

Original Article

Abstract

Aim

This study examines the current scenario of the self-reported prevalence of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in India and states, with a gender perspective. It also explores different factors affecting the prevalence of NCDs among men and women.

Subjects and methods

The study has used data from recent NSSO (71st Round, 2014) survey. Simple bivariate analyses are used to calculate the prevalence rate of NCDs per thousand persons. Binary logistics regression is applied to examine the effects of demographic and socioeconomic variables on the prevalence of NCDs.

Results

The overall prevalence of NCDs is 55 per thousand persons. The prevalence is higher among women (63) as compared to men (47). Among Indian states, difference in the prevalence of NCDs between men and women is the highest in Punjab (45), followed by Himachal Pradesh (44) and Uttaranchal (37), whereas among the union territories (UTs), Daman and Diu (230) shows the widest gap in the prevalence of NCDs between men and women. Rural women (86) are found at the higher risk of NCDs as compared to rural men (64) and their counterpart in urban areas (53). The NCD prevalence is significantly higher among the population aged above 60 years (OR = 8.30, p < 0.001) and in richer section (OR = 1.21, p < 0.001).

Conclusions

In India, women are disproportionately affected by NCDs as compared to men. Across the region, a large gap exists in NCD prevalence between men and women. Hence, there is an urgent need to address this issue in high NCD prevalent states, particularly focusing women from socio-economically disadvantaged background.

Keywords

Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) Gender gap Self-reported diseases NSSO India 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

The data used for this study considered all the ethical issues while collecting information and it is available to all users upon request. This paper is not published previously and not submitted elsewhere.

Funding

The study is not funded by any funding agency.

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that there is no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

10389_2016_732_MOESM1_ESM.jpg (392 kb)
ESM 1 (JPG 392 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.International Institute for Population SciencesMumbaiIndia

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