Asthma education: a review of randomized controlled youth asthma-education programs
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This review seeks to identify effective asthma education programs geared toward educating pre- and adolescent youth in ways to manage their asthma. This report examines randomized controlled studies that focus on asthma education and disease management.
Subject and methods
Studies that met selection guidelines, as outlined in the methods section, were included and coded based on study characteristics, asthma education program design, study outcomes, participant characteristics, and parent involvement.
Findings from this literature review indicated that asthma education programs demonstrate favorable outcomes, and the majority of the programs were school or clinic-based. Computer/web-based as well as clinic-based programs reported statistically significant outcomes in more outcome areas. In addition, there was limited information provided about the cost-benefits associated with the implementation of asthma education programs. Even though the majority of the programs involved parents, only a few provided a group session specifically for parents. Also, only a few programs were designed specifically for adolescents.
There appears to be a need for additional research studies that include larger sample sizes and youth from various socioeconomic backgrounds. In addition, more asthma education programs that primarily use a strengths-model, can be obtained through the computer, and focus on the specific needs of adolescent youth need to be developed. Futhermore, more programs need to focus on including a parent component and cost-analysis information.