Journal of Public Health

, Volume 16, Issue 4, pp 281–285

Improving vaccination programmes in the European Union

Original Article

Abstract

Aim

In this article, we describe what the role of the European Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (ECDC) is and should be in supporting national vaccination programmes and improving the exchange of data and best practice.

Subjects and methods

On the basis of information provided to the ECDC by two networks (EUVAC, VENICE) as well as the World Health Organisation (WHO) data, we examine childhood vaccination programmes in the European Union (EU), components of national vaccination programmes, and decision-making processes both at regulatory (EU) and epidemiological, socio-economic (national) levels.

Results

The ECDC provides added value to national vaccination policies by sharing data in the areas of epidemiology, vaccination coverage, vaccine schedules and schemes, and evaluation of national programmes.

Conclusion

National sovereignty in the field of vaccination policy should prevail; however, international support is paramount if we wish to enhance performance by sharing experience.

Keywords

Vaccination Immunisation schedule Health policy Decision-making European Union 

References

  1. Centralised Information System for Infectious Diseases (CISID) web site. Accessible at: http://data.euro.who.int/CISID/
  2. Decision No 2119/98/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 September 1998 setting up a network for the epidemiological surveillance and control of communicable diseases in the Community. Accessible at: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexapi!prod!CELEXnumdoc&lg=EN&numdoc=31998D2119&model=guicheti
  3. European Medicine Agency web site. Accessible at: http://www.emea.europa.eu
  4. EUVAC.NET web site. Accessible at: http://www.euvac.net/graphics/euvac/index.html
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  6. Regulation (EC) No 851/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 April 2004 establishing a European Centre for disease prevention and control. Accessible at: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/smartapi/cgi/sga_doc?smartapi!celexapi!prod!CELEXnumdoc&lg=EN&numdoc=32004R0851&model=guicheti
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  8. The Treaty of the European Union, consolidated version. Accessible at: http://eur-lex.europa.eu/en/treaties/dat/12002E/htm/C_2002325EN.003301.html)
  9. VENICE web site. Accessible at: https://venice.cineca.org/
  10. WHO European Region strategic plan, 2005–2010: Eliminating measles and rubella and preventing congenital rubella infection. Accessible at: http://www.euro.who.int/InformationSources/Publications/Catalogue/20051123_1

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Unit for Scientific Advice, European Centre for Disease Prevention and ControlStockholmSweden

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