Journal of Public Health

, Volume 14, Issue 5, pp 279–289

Assessment of diet, physical activity and biological, social and environmental factors in a multi-centre European project on diet- and lifestyle-related disorders in children (IDEFICS)

  • Karin Bammann
  • Jenny Peplies
  • Michael Sjöström
  • Lauren Lissner
  • Stefaan De Henauw
  • Claudio Galli
  • Licia Iacoviello
  • Vittorio Krogh
  • Staffan Marild
  • Iris Pigeot
  • Yannis Pitsiladis
  • Hermann Pohlabeln
  • Lucia Reisch
  • Alfonso Siani
  • Wolfgang Ahrens
  • on behalf of the IDEFICS Consortium
Original Article

DOI: 10.1007/s10389-006-0058-0

Cite this article as:
Bammann, K., Peplies, J., Sjöström, M. et al. J Public Health (2006) 14: 279. doi:10.1007/s10389-006-0058-0

Abstract

Obesity is a major public health problem in developed countries. We present a European project, called Identification and Prevention of Dietary and Lifestyle-induced Health Effects in Children and Infants (IDEFICS), that focuses on diet- and lifestyle-related diseases in children. This paper outlines methodological aspects and means of quality control in IDEFICS. IDEFICS will use a multicentre survey design of a population-based cohort of about 17,000 2- to 10-year-old children in nine European countries (Belgium, Cyprus, Estonia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Spain and Sweden). The project will investigate the impact of dietary factors such as food intake and food preferences, lifestyle factors such as physical activity, psychosocial factors and genetic factors on the development of obesity and other selected diet- and lifestyle-related disorders. An intervention study will be set up in pre-school and primary school settings in eight of the survey centres. Standardised survey instruments will be designed during the first phase of the project and applied in the surveys by all centres. Standard operation procedures (SOPs) will be developed, as well as a plan for training the personnel involved in the surveys. These activities will be accompanied by a quality control strategy that will encompass the evaluation of process and result quality throughout the project. IDEFICS will develop comparable Europe-wide health indicators and instruments for data collection among young children. Establishment of a new European cohort within IDEFICS will provide a unique opportunity to document the development of the obesity epidemic in the current generation of young Europeans and investigate the impact of primary prevention in European children populations.

Keywords

Diet Lifestyle Children’s health Europe Methods 

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Karin Bammann
    • 1
  • Jenny Peplies
    • 2
  • Michael Sjöström
    • 3
  • Lauren Lissner
    • 4
  • Stefaan De Henauw
    • 5
  • Claudio Galli
    • 6
  • Licia Iacoviello
    • 7
  • Vittorio Krogh
    • 8
  • Staffan Marild
    • 9
  • Iris Pigeot
    • 1
  • Yannis Pitsiladis
    • 10
  • Hermann Pohlabeln
    • 1
  • Lucia Reisch
    • 11
  • Alfonso Siani
    • 12
  • Wolfgang Ahrens
    • 2
  • on behalf of the IDEFICS Consortium
  1. 1.Division of Biometry and Data ManagementBremen Institute for Prevention Research and Social MedicineBremenGermany
  2. 2.Division of Epidemiological Methods and Etiologic ResearchBremen Institute for Prevention Research and Social Medicine (BIPS), University of BremenBremenGermany
  3. 3.Unit for Preventive Nutrition, Department of Biosciences and NutritionKarolinska InstituteStockholmSweden
  4. 4.Department of Community Medicine and Public HealthSahlgrenska Academy at Göteborg UniversityGothenburgSweden
  5. 5.Department of Public HealthGhent University HospitalGhentBelgium
  6. 6.Department of Pharmacological SciencesUniversity of MilanMilanItaly
  7. 7.Laboratory of Environmental and Genetic Epidemiology, Research Laboratories, Centre for High Technology Research and Education in Biomedical SciencesCatholic UniversityCampobassoItaly
  8. 8.Nutritional Epidemiology UnitNational Cancer InstituteMilanItaly
  9. 9.Department of PaediatricsThe Queen Silvia Children’s Hospital, Sahlgrenska University HospitalGothenburgSweden
  10. 10.Institute of Diet Exercise and Lifestyle, Faculty of Biomedical and Life SciencesUniversity of GlasgowGlasgowUK
  11. 11.Department of Intercultural Communication and ManagementCopenhagen Business SchoolCopenhagenDenmark
  12. 12.Unit of Epidemiology and Population GeneticsInstitute of Food Science and Technology, National Research CouncilAvellinoItaly

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