Japanese Journal of Ophthalmology

, Volume 50, Issue 1, pp 7–11

Human Herpesvirus-8 in Kaposi's Sarcoma of the Conjunctiva in a Patient with AIDS

  • Hiroshi Minoda
  • Norio Usui
  • Tetsutaro Sata
  • Harutaka Katano
  • Hiromi Serizawa
  • Shinya Okada



To demonstrate human herpesvirus-8 (HHV-8) in Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) of the conjunctiva in a patient with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).


Clinical observation, pathologic findings of conjunctival specimens, immunohistochemical staining for HHV-8-specific antigen, polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis of HHV-8 DNA, and detection of specific antibody in patient's serum at appropriate times.


In the conjunctival specimen, swollen endothelial-like cells were found with slit-like vessels. CD 31-positive cells were noted on the inner surface of the slit-like vessels, and HHV-8 latency-associated nuclear antigen was detected. The presence of HHV-8 DNA was demonstrated by PCR. Anti-HHV-8 antibody was found in the patient's serum.


This is the first case report in the ophthalmology literature that provides histological, DNA, and serological evidence that HHV-8 is involved in the pathogenesis of conjunctival KS. Jpn J Ophthalmol 2006;50:7–11 © Japanese Ophthalmological Society 2006

Key words

AIDS conjunctiva human herpesvirus-8 Kaposi's sarcoma latency-associated nuclear antigen 


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Copyright information

© Japanese Ophthalmological Society 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hiroshi Minoda
    • 1
  • Norio Usui
    • 2
  • Tetsutaro Sata
    • 3
  • Harutaka Katano
    • 3
  • Hiromi Serizawa
    • 4
  • Shinya Okada
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of OphthalmologyTokyo Medical UniversityTokyoJapan
  2. 2.Shinkawabashi HospitalKawasakiJapan
  3. 3.Department of PathologyNational Institute of Infectious DiseasesTokyoJapan
  4. 4.Department of PathologyTokyo Medical UniversityTokyoJapan
  5. 5.Department of OphthalmologyTokyo Medical UniversityTokyoJapan

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