Clinical Features and Prognosis in Ocular Toxoplasmosis
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To evaluate retrospectively the clinical characteristics, complications, and prognosis in patients with ocular toxoplasmosis.
Patients and Methods
We reviewed the records of 189 patients (243 eyes) with ocular toxoplasmosis who were examined between 1972 and 1999. Color fundus photography and, in some patients, fluorescein angiography and indocyanine green angiography were performed. There were 98 male (52%) and 91 female (48%) patients with a mean age of 22.8 ± 8.9 years.
Of the patients, 140 (74%) had congenital and 49 (26%) had acquired toxoplasmosis. At the initial examination, there were active lesions in 65 eyes and inactive lesions in 178 eyes. Active lesions included retinochoroiditis in 59 (91%), papillitis in 2 (3%), and neuroretinitis in 4 (6%) eyes. There was also an inactive scar in 17 eyes with active retinochoroiditis. Localisation of the active retinochoroiditis was the macula in 44 (74%), the macula and peripheral retina in 3 (5%), the peripheral retina in 9 (15%) and the peripapillary retina in 3 (5%) eyes. Optic atrophy, pigment epithelial detachment, choroidal neovascularization, lamellar macular hole, and retinal neovascularization were seen during the follow-up period.
Ocular toxoplasmosis commonly affects the macula and seriously impairs visual acuity. The prevention of acquired and congenital infections is very important in controlling ocular toxoplasmosis. Patients should be followed to avoid late complications.
Key wordsacquired toxoplasmosis congenital toxoplasmosis ocular toxoplasmosis toxoplasmic retinochoroiditis
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