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Facies

, 65:12 | Cite as

Challenging asymmetric cements as indicators of vadose diagenesis: “pseudo-gravitational” cements from the lower Pliensbachian of the Traras Mountains in NW Algeria

  • Salim BelkhedimEmail author
  • Axel Munnecke
  • Miloud Benhamou
  • Abdelkrim Nemra
  • Radouane Sadji
Original Article

Abstract

Asymmetric, pendant cements are considered good indicators for early lithification in the vadose zone. In the present study, asymmetric cements are recorded in thin-sections of a Lower Jurassic limestone from the Traras Mountains (northwest Algeria). Geopetal fabrics, however, indicate that these seemingly “pendant cements” are, in some places, oriented upwards, i.e., they have grown in the opposite direction from that expected, or they grew from grains towards the pore centers. These observations disprove their origin as gravitational cements precipitated from pendant water droplets on the undersides of grains as in the vadose zone. In contrast, a formation in the marine phreatic zone seems more probable. Under high-energy conditions, and after an early lithification stage with isopachous cements in the subtidal zone, strong tidally driven horizontal pore-water flow allowed sufficient seawater to pass through the slightly cemented but still highly permeable rock. Those grain sides, which were oriented towards the pore center, where faster flowing water prevailed, were more exposed to CaCO3-supersaturated percolating seawater and therefore the cements precipitated here show their greatest thickness. In relatively more protected areas around the margins of the pores, asymmetric cements are rarely developed. The resulting rock exhibits an unusual, heterogeneous cementation with preferential centripetal nucleation areas.

Keywords

Geopetal fabrics Horizontal permeability Phreatic zone Early lithification Centripetal nucleation 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This study is a part of the PhD thesis of SB, funded by the Algerian Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research. We are very grateful to Birgit Leipner-Mata for preparation of the high-quality thin sections. We thank Michael Joachimski and Mattias López Correa (Erlangen) for their help with the cathodoluminescence and microdrill device, respectively, and Emilia Jarochowska for vivid discussions. We are also very grateful to Jim Hendry and an anonymous reviewer, as well as to editor-in-Chief Maurice Tucker for their critical but very constructive reviews that significantly improved the paper.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratoire de Géodynamique des Bassins et Bilan SédimentaireUniversité Mohamed Ben Ahmed Oran 2OranAlgeria
  2. 2.GeoZentrumNordbayern, FachgruppePaläoumweltUniversity of Erlangen-NurembergErlangenGermany
  3. 3.Laboratoire de Paléontologie Stratigraphie et PaléoenvironnementUniversité Mohamed Ben Ahmed Oran 2OranAlgeria

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