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Facies

, Volume 59, Issue 1, pp 149–177 | Cite as

Middle Permian calcareous algae and microproblematica (Dalan Formation, Dena Mountain, High Zagros, SW Iran)

  • Tahere ParviziEmail author
  • Koorosh Rashidi
  • Daniel Vachard
Original Article

Abstract

Calcareous algae and microproblematica have been studied in the Middle Permian part of the Dalan Formation in Dena Mountain, Zagros, southwest Iran. Murgabian (=Wordian) microfossils are the most diversified. The assemblages encompass, among the dasycladales, Anthracoporella spectabilis, Epimastopora piae, Epimastoporella japonica, E. likana, Paraepimastopora? cf. densipora n. comb., Gyroporella cf. nipponica, G.? aff. fluegeli n. comb., G.? aff. symmetrica, G.? aff. digitula n. comb., Mizzia yabei; among the gymnocodiaceans, Gymnocodium bellerophontis, G. nodosum, Permocalculus cf. digitatus, P. forcepinus, P. cf. fragilis, P. plumosus, P. cf. solidus, Tauridium? sp.; among the “phylloid algae” Eugonophyllum? sp.; among the other incertae sedis algae Stacheoides sp., Ungdarella uralica, Fourstonella (Efluegelia) johnsoni, and among some microproblematica alternatively assigned to foraminifers or algae Aeolisaccus dunningtoni, Tubiphytes obscurus, Pseudovermiporella nipponica, P. sodalica, and P. longipora. Each taxon is briefly characterized, whereas a more detailed analysis of the epimastoporacean algae is given. Among them, the genera Epimastopora and Epimastoporella are emended. All the described microfossils have a relatively broad stratigraphic distribution in the Permian period but they are paleoecologically important. They are indeed confident micropaleontological Middle Permian proxies, particularly for shallow-marine, warm, well-oxygenated and relatively high-energy environments. They were affected by the end-Guadalupian crisis because they strongly decrease in the upper carbonate unit of the Dalan Formation and are not found in the Triassic sediments of the area.

Keywords

Calcareous algae Microproblematica Taxonomic revision Permian carbonates Dalan Formation Dena Mountain Iran 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors appreciate the Payame Noor University of Ardekan, Yazd for providing financial support. Our thanks go to Prof. I. Bucur for his help. Dr. Pedro Cózar (Madrid) reviewed a first draft of the paper; Prof. Dr. Bruno Granier (Brest) revised our manuscript; both are warmly thanked for their constructive criticism.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tahere Parvizi
    • 1
    Email author
  • Koorosh Rashidi
    • 1
  • Daniel Vachard
    • 2
  1. 1.Geology DepartmentPayame Noor UniversityTehranIran
  2. 2.Université Lille 1, UMR CNRS 8217 (Géosystèmes)Villeneuve d’Ascq CédexFrance

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