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Facies

, Volume 58, Issue 1, pp 131–153 | Cite as

Timing and progression of the end-Guadalupian crisis in the Fars province (Dalan Formation, Kuh-e Gakhum, Iran) constrained by foraminifers and other carbonate microfossils

  • Christophe KolodkaEmail author
  • Emmanuelle Vennin
  • Daniel Vachard
  • Vincent Trocme
  • Mohammad Hassan Goodarzi
Original Article

Abstract

The Middle-to-Upper Permian in the Kuh-e Gakhum anticline (southeastern Iran) has rarely been studied due to its structural complexity and the difficult access. Rich Permian fusulinid assemblages varying in age from Wordian to Changhsingian were found in a thick carbonate succession corresponding to the Dalan Formation. Three new species of foraminifers are described and a new biostratigraphic framework including five biozones is proposed. One of these, described and defined for the first time in the Dalan Formation, is based on the presence of Praedunbarula simplicissima n. gen. n. sp. When compared to the fossil content of existing bioprovinces, the floro-faunal biota of the Dalan Formation shows an affinity with Central and Western Tethys. A mass extinction of fusulinids and small foraminifers (70%) occurred concomitantly with the onset of a relative sea-level fall. This event led to a change in the carbonate factories from biologically induced carbonate production to ooid-rich chemically induced precipitation. The morphology of the platform at the Guadalupian/Lopingian transition evolves from a bioclastic ramp to a shelf. This transition is also characterized by a major sequence boundary and morphological anomalies in foraminifers. Therefore, as the regression and the changes in floro-faunal contents have been observed at the Guadalupian/Lopingian boundary, the extinction event is considered as end-Guadalupian. It is followed by a Lopingian transgression yielding renewed foraminiferal assemblages.

Keywords

End-Guadalupian crisis Foraminifers Dalan Formation Nar Member 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We gratefully thank GDF SUEZ Exploration-Production Department and the Exploration Directorate of the National Iranian Oil Company (NIOC) for permission to publish this work, for funding of the study, and for granting access to facilities and materials. We are grateful to Raphaël Bourillot (EGID, Université de Bordeaux III) and Arnaud Brayard (Université de Bourgogne, Dijon) for constructive discussions during the drafting of the manuscript. The authors greatly thank Fumio Kobayashi for his hard work and very constructive review and the FACIES editor André Freiwald for helpful suggestions. We also thank Didier Quesne, Nicolas Rolland, Afshin Asghari, and Arsalan Bakhshi for their collaboration during the fieldtrips. This work is a contribution to the “Systèmes, Environnements et Dynamique Sédimentaires” team of the Biogéosciences Laboratory (UMR 5561) and for the FRE 3298 Géosystèmes of the University of Lille. We thank Carmela Chateau-Smith (Université de Bourgogne, Dijon) for checking our English and Philippe Blanc (Lithologie Bourgogne, Dijon) for the realization of thin-sections.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christophe Kolodka
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Emmanuelle Vennin
    • 1
  • Daniel Vachard
    • 3
  • Vincent Trocme
    • 2
  • Mohammad Hassan Goodarzi
    • 4
  1. 1.UMR CNRS 5561 BiogéosciencesUniversité de BourgogneDijonFrance
  2. 2.Direction Exploration ProductionGDF SUEZParis La Défense CédexFrance
  3. 3.Géosystèmes, FRE 3298Université de Lille 1Villeneuve d’AscqFrance
  4. 4.Exploration DirectorateNational Iranian Oil CompanyTehranIran

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