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Facies

, Volume 51, Issue 1–4, pp 185–196 | Cite as

Geographic and stratigraphic distributions of the Caribbean species of Cladocora (Scleractinia, Faviidae)

  • Rosemarie C. Baron-Szabo
Original Paper

Abstract

A complete account of the faviid genus Cladocora within the Caribbean is presented. In the Caribbean this genus represents an extant group that had its earliest occurrence during the Campanian-Maastrichtian of Jamaica. Recent forms have been reported throughout the Caribbean. The following forms were found (with stratigraphic ranges in the Caribbean): C. arbuscula (Pliocene-Recent), C. debilis (Pleistocene-Recent), C. gracilis (Middle-Upper Maastrichtian), C. jamaicaensis (Campanian-Maastrichtian and Eocene), C. johnsoni (Pliocene), and C. recrescens (Middle-Upper Oligocene). The occurrence of the genus Cladocora in the Caribbean is largely continuous from the Campanian to Recent, during the majority of the Caribbean species show affinities to European assemblages. For the time intervals Paleocene, Lower Oligocene, and Miocene the taxon has not been reported from the Caribbean.

Keywords

Scleractinia Cladocora Cretaceous Cenozoic Caribbean Paleobiogeography 

Notes

Acknowledgments

I would like to thank Dennis Opresko (Oak Ridge National Laboratory, USA), Dragica Turnšek (Ljubljana, Slovenia) and Alex Nützel (Institute of Palaeontology, University of Erlangen, Germany) for valuable comments on the manuscript. I am grateful to Steve Cairns (Smithsonain Institution) for many discussions on coral taxonomy. Type specimens and original material were made accessible to me by Jill Darrell (The Natural History Museum, London, UK), Dragica Turnšek (SAZU, Ljubljana, Slovenia), Fred Collier (Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, Boston), Vivianne Berg-Madsen (Museum of Evolution, Uppsala), Martin Sander (University of Bonn, Germany), Christine Perrin (Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle de Paris, France), Franz Stojaspal and Harry Lobitzer (Geologische Bundesanstalt, Vienna, Austria), Heinz Kollmann (Naturhistorisches Museum, Vienna, Austria), Riccardo Manni (University of Rome), Thomas Becker (formerly ‘Humboldt Museum’, Berlin, Germany), Winfried Werner (Bayerische Staatssammlung, Munich, Germany), and Chiara Sorbini and Giovanni Bianucci (both University of Pisa, Italy). Financial support was provided by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG), Project Ba 1830/3

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Smithsonian Institution, Department of Invertebrate ZoologyNational Museum of Natural HistoryWashingtonUSA

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