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Landslides

pp 1–2 | Cite as

Correction to: Monitoring strategies for local landslide early warning systems

  • Gaetano Pecoraro
  • Michele Calvello
  • Luca Piciullo
Correction
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Correction to: Landslides

https://doi.org/10.1007/s10346-018-1068-z

The original version of this article was revised: Unconverted data in Figure 3; Tables 1 and 2 caption has error in both PDF and XML; Table 6 needs to be organized and structured so it would be more readable.

The original article has been corrected.

Table 6

Instruments used for landslide monitoring within LEWS, classified considering the parameters and the activities monitored and the monitoring methods (after Calvello 2017)

Monitored activity

Monitored parameter

Monitoring method

Geotechnical

Hydrologic

Geophysical

Geodetic

Remote sensing

Meteorological

Deformation

Displacements

Inc BExt EExt DMS Tilt

  

GPS Int TotS

Cam GbLiD ALiD GbSAR InSAR UAV

 

Strains

OptF EExt

   

Geoph

 

Cracking

Crack

   

GbLiD ALiD

 

Mass balance

  

GbLiD ALiD

   

Microseismicity/ acoustic emission

Acc Seis Geoph

   

GPR

 

Rockfall event frequency

  

GbLiD ALiD

   

Groundwater

Pore water pressure

Piez

     

Groundwater level

PS

     

Suction

Tens TPsy

 

ElCS ThCS

   

Soil water content

  

TDR

 

Sat

 

Trigger

Weather

    

Sat

RG WS

Earthquake

  

Acc Seis Geoph

   

Volcanic activity

  

Acc Seis Geoph

 

InSAR

 

Other

Atmospheric tides

     

Bar

Stream flow

 

WLM Hyd

    

Water quality

 

SprS

    

Inc., inclinometer; BExt, borehole extensometer; DMS, “differential monitoring of stability” column; Tilt, tiltmeter; GPS, global positioning satellite; Int, interferometer; TotS, total station; Cam, camera; GbLiD, ground-based LIDAR; ALiD, airborne LIDAR; GbSAR, ground-based synthetic aperture radar; InSAR, interferometric synthetic aperture radar; UAV, unmanned air vehicle; OptF, optic fiber; EExt, embedded extensometer; Geoph, geophone; Crack, crackmeter; Acc, accelerometer; Seis, seismometer; GPR, ground penetrating radar; Piez, piezometer; PS, perforated standpipe; Tens, tensiometer; TPsy, thermocouple psychrometer; ElCS, electrical conductivity sensor; ThCS, thermal conductivity sensor; TDR, time domain reflectometer; Sat, satellite sensor; RG, rain gauge; WS, weather station; Bar, barometer; WLM, water level meter; Hyd, hydrometer; SprS, spring sampling

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gaetano Pecoraro
    • 1
  • Michele Calvello
    • 1
  • Luca Piciullo
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Civil EngineeringUniversity of SalernoFiscianoItaly
  2. 2.Department of Earth and Environmental SciencesUniversity of Milano-BicoccaMilanoItaly
  3. 3.Norwegian Geotechnical Institute – NGI Ullevål StadionOsloNorway

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