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Landslides

, Volume 8, Issue 1, pp 117–131 | Cite as

Expected damage from displacement of slow-moving slides

  • Mohamed Farouk Mansour
  • Norbert R. Morgenstern
  • C. Derek Martin
Technical Note

Abstract

Facilities such as buildings, highways, railways, bridges, dams and pipelines often are built on natural slopes where the risk of landslides is not low. The vulnerability of these facilities to slow-moving slides has sometimes been underestimated, although the velocity of some classes of slow slides is uncontrollable. More than 50 cases of slow slides were compiled from the literature for this study. Some statistics about the movement trigger(s), the methods used to measure displacement, the material forming the rupture surface and the type of the vulnerable facilities are presented. It is shown that the expected degree of damage to urban settlements, highways, bridges and dams can be related to the slide velocity or accumulating displacement. Buildings and residential houses may tolerate higher slide velocities and total displacements than other facilities before experiencing serious damage. Movements as low as 100 mm may severely damage bridges, but such low rates may cause only moderate damage to urban communities. The relationship between movement and the expected extent of damage should be useful to geotechnical engineers who deal with different classes of slow slides and will help in the choice of appropriate mitigation measures based on preliminary estimates of movement rates.

Keywords

Slow-moving slides landslide-induced damage damage description landslide velocity vulnerability to slides 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors would like to thank the Natural Science and Engineering Research Council of Canada for providing the financial support of the project.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohamed Farouk Mansour
    • 1
  • Norbert R. Morgenstern
    • 2
  • C. Derek Martin
    • 2
  1. 1.Structural Engineering Department (Geotechnical Division)Ain Shams UniversityCairoEgypt
  2. 2.Department of Civil and Environmental EngineeringUniversity of AlbertaEdmontonCanada

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