, Volume 5, Issue 3, pp 281–290 | Cite as

Groundwater flow modeling for effective implementation of landslide stability enhancement measures

A case of landslide in Shikoku, Japan
  • H. K. Shrestha
  • R. Yatabe
  • N. P. BhandaryEmail author
Original Article


This paper deals with groundwater hydrology at a prominent fracture zone landslide slope (Nuta–Yone landslides) in Japan with an objective to explore an efficient method for the application of landslide stability enhancement measures. The correlation analyses between the hydrological parameters and ground surface movement data at this landslide resulted in low correlation values indicating that the geological formation of the area is extremely complex. For the purpose of understanding the groundwater flow behavior in the landslide area, a three-dimensional transient groundwater flow model was prepared for a part of the landslide slope, where the levels of effectiveness of applied landslide stability enhancement measures (in the form of multilayered deep horizontal drains) are different, and was calibrated against the measured water surface elevations at different piezometer locations. The parameter distributions in the calibrated model and the general directions of the groundwater flow in terms of flow vectors and the results of particle tracking at the model site were interpreted to understand the reasons for variations in effectiveness of existing landslide stability enhancement measures and to find potentially better locations for the implementation of future landslide stability enhancement measures. From the modeling results, it was also understood that groundwater flow model can be effectively used in better planning and locating the landslide stability enhancement measures.


Correlation analyses Groundwater modeling Landslide Horizontal drains 



The basic data for this study were provided to the authors by Dr. H. Shiraishi of Aratani Civil Engineering Consultants, which is involved in automated field measurements in the Nuta–Yone Landslide area for a long period of time. The authors also acknowledge the comments received from Dr. V. R. Schaefer and an anonymous reviewer.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center for Disaster Risk StudiesNepal Engineering CollegeKathmanduNepal
  2. 2.Graduate School of Science and EngineeringEhime UniversityMatsuyamaJapan
  3. 3.Department of Civil and Environmental EngineeringEhime UniversityMatsuyamaJapan

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