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Landslides

, 5:227 | Cite as

Characterisation of a Pleistocene debris-avalanche deposit in the Tenteniguada Basin, Gran Canaria Island, Spain

  • Alejandro Lomoschitz
  • Javier Hervás
  • Jorge Yepes
  • Joaquín Meco
Original Article

Abstract

We studied a large debris-avalanche deposit of Pleistocene age in the Tenteniguada Basin, Gran Canaria Island, Spain. This deposit, which is well preserved because it is mostly covered by basanite lava flows, has distinctive matrix and block facies, hummocky topography and internal structures typical of debris avalanches. However, neither syneruptive lavas nor some characteristic features of volcanic debris-avalanche deposits, such as a stratovolcano edifice or a horseshoe-shaped crater, are present. The occurrence of internal features characteristic of volcanic avalanche deposits could be attributed to the volcanic materials involved in the movement rather than to the triggering of the avalanche during a volcanic eruption. The conditioning factors are shown to be associated with specific structural and hydrological conditions, such as the presence of old volcanic domes, strength reduction of the rocks, effective stress decrease, active gully erosion and water table rise during Pleistocene humid episodes. We finally suggest that the possible triggering factor of the avalanche was a neighbouring volcanic or tectonic earthquake.

Keywords

Debris avalanche Volcanic island Large landslide Canary Islands Gran Canaria 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This research was initially funded by the European Commission's DG Research under the FP4 Environment and Climate Programme, Natural Risks, RUNOUT project (ENV4-CT97-05527). It has also been sponsored by the Spanish Ministry of Environment and the University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria (CN-62/03-02139). We thank Dr. Robert I. Tilling of the United States Geological Survey and Dr. Marcel Hürlimann of the Technical University of Catalonia, Spain, for providing helpful suggestions to the manuscript.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Alejandro Lomoschitz
    • 1
  • Javier Hervás
    • 2
  • Jorge Yepes
    • 1
  • Joaquín Meco
    • 3
  1. 1.Departamento de Ingeniería Civil. Campus de TafiraUniversidad de Las Palmas de Gran CanariaLas Palmas de Gran CanariaSpain
  2. 2.Institute for Environment and Sustainability, Joint Research Centre (JRC)European CommissionIspraItaly
  3. 3.Departamento de Biología. Campus de TafiraUniversidad de Las Palmas de Gran CanariaLas Palmas de Gran CanariaSpain

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