Landslides

, Volume 1, Issue 3, pp 221–235 | Cite as

Landslide risk evaluation and hazard zoning for rapid and long-travel landslides in urban development areas

  • Kyoji Sassa
  • Gonghui Wang
  • Hiroshi Fukuoka
  • Fawu Wang
  • Takahiro Ochiai
  • Masanori Sugiyama
  • Tatsuo Sekiguchi
Original Article

Abstract

Risk evaluation for earthquake-induced rapid and long-travel landslides in densely populated urban areas is currently the most important disaster mitigation task in landslide-threatened areas throughout the world. The research achievements of the IPL M-101 APERITIF project were applied to two urban areas in megacities of Japan. One site is in the upper slope of the Nikawa landslide site where previous movements were triggered by the 1995 Hyogoken-Nambu earthquake. During detailed investigation, the slope was found to be at risk from a rapid and long-travel landslide induced by sliding surface liquefaction by earthquakes similar in scale to the 1995 event. A new plan to prevent the occurrence of this phenomenon was proposed and the plan was implemented. Another area is the Tama residential area near Tokyo. A set of field and laboratory investigations including laser scanner, geological drilling and ring-shear tests showed that there was a risk of sliding surface liquefaction for both sites. A geotechnical computer simulation (Rapid/LS) using the quantitative data obtained in the study allowed urban landslide hazard zoning to be made at individual street level.

Keywords

Risk evaluation Hazard zoning Earthquake-induced landslides Laser scanner Undrained ring-shear tests 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kyoji Sassa
    • 1
  • Gonghui Wang
    • 1
  • Hiroshi Fukuoka
    • 1
  • Fawu Wang
    • 1
  • Takahiro Ochiai
    • 2
  • Masanori Sugiyama
    • 3
  • Tatsuo Sekiguchi
    • 3
  1. 1.Research Centre on LandslidesDPRI, Kyoto UniversityJapan
  2. 2.Forestry and Forest Product InstituteJapan
  3. 3.Geographical Survey InstituteJapan

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