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Small-scale spatial genetic structure of Alpine chamois (Rupicapra rupicapra) in Northern Dinarides

  • T. Safner
  • E. BuzanEmail author
  • A. Rezic
  • N. Šprem
Short Communication

Abstract

Chamois (Rupicapra rupicapra) is a mountain-dwelling ungulate inhabiting predominantly rocky habitat with steep slopes. Since it mostly inhabits boreal habitats at high altitudes, low valleys tend to separate populations, thereby limiting gene flow. In the present study, we genotyped 54 georeferenced chamois using 20 SSR loci to test the influence of the Kupa River on the spatial genetic structure of the population in the bordering area between Croatia and Slovenia in the northern Dinaric Mountains. Both GENELAND and STRUCTURE assigned all individuals to one spatial cluster, indicating that the Kupa River does not represent a barrier to gene flow for chamois. Unfortunately, in 2015, a razor wire fence was constructed along the Croatian-Slovenian border at the Kupa River. This fence represents a major threat to the chamois population as it may cause mortality, obstruct seasonal dispersal, and reduce the effective population size. If the fence remains as it is, changes in the genetic structure and genetic diversity of the population due to the effect of drift and reduced effective population size can be predicted over the next generations.

Keywords

Mountain ungulate Genetic structure Microsatellites Habitat fragmentation Northern Dinarides 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This study was supported by the Croatian Science Foundation, project IP 2016-06-5751, “DNA as evidence of distribution and vitality of endangered Balkan chamois.” We want to express our appreciation to Robert Gec, Mladen Mauhar, Stane Frbežar, and Jernej Štefančić for providing the samples for analyses.

Supplementary material

10344_2019_1259_MOESM1_ESM.doc (670 kb)
ESM 1 (DOC 670 kb)
10344_2019_1259_MOESM2_ESM.doc (54 kb)
ESM 2 (DOC 54 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Plant Breeding, Genetics, Biometrics and Experimentation, Faculty of AgricultureUniversity of ZagrebZagrebCroatia
  2. 2.Centre of Excellence for Biodiversity and Molecular Plant Breeding (CoE CroP-BioDiv)ZagrebCroatia
  3. 3.Department of Biodiversity, Faculty of Mathematics, Natural Sciences and Information TechnologiesUniversity of PrimorskaKoperSlovenia
  4. 4.Department of Fisheries, Beekeeping, Game Management and Special Zoology, Faculty of AgricultureUniversity of ZagrebZagrebCroatia

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