European Journal of Wildlife Research

, Volume 60, Issue 3, pp 555–558

The BOS™ as a species-specific method to deliver baits to wild boar in a Mediterranean area

  • Francesco Ferretti
  • Andrea Sforzi
  • Julia Coats
  • Giovanna Massei
Short Communication

DOI: 10.1007/s10344-014-0808-1

Cite this article as:
Ferretti, F., Sforzi, A., Coats, J. et al. Eur J Wildl Res (2014) 60: 555. doi:10.1007/s10344-014-0808-1

Abstract

The impact of wild boar Sus scrofa and feral pigs on ecosystems and human activities is of interest worldwide. Bait-delivered pharmaceuticals such as contraceptives or disease vaccines are increasingly advocated to assist the management of such impacts. We evaluated the Boar-Operated-System (BOS™) to deliver baits to wild boar in a Mediterranean area with a large community of potential nontarget species. In a pre-trial phase (BOS™ open), both wild boar and 12 nontarget species (wildlife and livestock) visited the BOS™ and eight species consumed the baits. In the trial phase, when the BOS™ were closed, only wild boar consumed baits. From pre-trial to trial, the rate of visits by nontarget species to the BOS™ decreased significantly, but that of wild boar did not change. We observed that crested porcupines Hystrix cristata prevented the wild boar from using BOS™. We confirmed the effectiveness of BOS™ to deliver baits selectively to wild boar in a Mediterranean area.

Keywords

BOS™ Delivery system Disease Feral pigs Oral vaccine Sus scrofa 

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Francesco Ferretti
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Andrea Sforzi
    • 2
  • Julia Coats
    • 4
  • Giovanna Massei
    • 4
  1. 1.Maremma Regional Park AgencyAlbereseItaly
  2. 2.Maremma Natural History MuseumGrossetoItaly
  3. 3.Department of Life SciencesUniversity of SienaSienaItaly
  4. 4.National Wildlife Management CentreAnimal Health and Veterinary Laboratories AgencyYorkUK

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