European Journal of Wildlife Research

, Volume 57, Issue 2, pp 355–362 | Cite as

Estimation of the Iberian lynx (Lynx pardinus) population in the Doñana area, SW Spain, using capture–recapture analysis of camera-trapping data

  • German GarroteEmail author
  • Ramon Perez de Ayala
  • Pablo Pereira
  • Francisco Robles
  • Nicolas Guzman
  • Francisco J. García
  • Maria C. Iglesias
  • Jaime Hervás
  • Iñigo Fajardo
  • Manuel Simón
  • Jose L. Barroso
Original Paper


The Iberian lynx (Lynx pardinus) has a highly restricted geographic distribution, limited even within the Iberian Peninsula. The last national survey reported less than 200 remaining individuals, distributed in two isolated areas—Andújar-Cardeña and Doñana—and in consequence, the Iberian lynx was listed by the International Union for Conservation of Nature as “Critically Endangered”. In this study, we estimate the Iberian lynx population size in the Doñana area using capture–recapture analysis of camera-trapping data. A model with different capture probability for each individual (Mh) yielded an estimate of 26 Iberian lynxes (SE = 5.26) more than 1 year old. It is considered that a small slant in the estimation of the number of individuals could exist due to the presence of dispersers inside the study area that were not detected. Our study shows: (1) a reduction in number since the 1980s (45 individuals), and falling below the theoretical threshold of genetic viability, (2) changes in the species’ spatial distribution in this area, and (3) as for other carnivore species, photographic capture–recapture methods are applicable for estimating the size of Iberian lynx populations


Lynx pardinus Iberian lynx Camera trapping Capture–recapture Population estimates Doñana 



The fieldwork and the economic support was possible through the collaboration between the Dirección General de Conservación de la Naturaleza (DGCONA-MIMAM, project “Censo-Diagnóstico de las Poblaciones de Lince Ibérico en la Península Ibérica”), Organismo Autónomo de Parques Nacionales-Doñana, Parque Natural de Doñana, Delegación Provincial de Medioambiente de Huelva, and TRAGSA. We thank JA Blanco “J”, E Virgós, JLTellería, and the anonymous reviewers for their constructive comments, and also Ramón Pérez de Ayala Giménez, Ricardo Balzola, John Muddeman, and Yolanda Cortés who helped with the translation.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • German Garrote
    • 1
    • 5
    Email author
  • Ramon Perez de Ayala
    • 1
  • Pablo Pereira
    • 2
  • Francisco Robles
    • 2
  • Nicolas Guzman
    • 1
  • Francisco J. García
    • 1
  • Maria C. Iglesias
    • 1
  • Jaime Hervás
    • 1
  • Iñigo Fajardo
    • 3
  • Manuel Simón
    • 4
  • Jose L. Barroso
    • 4
  1. 1.Dirección General para la BiodiversidadMinisterio de Medio AmbienteMadridSpain
  2. 2.Parque Nacional de DoñanaOrganismo Autónomo de Parques Nacionales, MIMAMAndalusiaSpain
  3. 3.Delegación Provincial de HuelvaConsejería de Medio Ambiente, Junta de AndalucíaHuelvaSpain
  4. 4.Parque Natural de DoñanaConsejería de Medio Ambiente, Junta de AndalucíaAndalusiaSpain
  5. 5.Vertebrate Biology and Conservation UCM Research Group, Faculty of BiologyComplutense University of MadridMadridSpain

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