European Journal of Wildlife Research

, Volume 57, Issue 2, pp 241–249 | Cite as

Space and habitat use of moose in southwestern Sweden

  • Mattias Olsson
  • John J. Cox
  • Jeffery L. Larkin
  • Per Widén
  • Anders Olovsson
Original Paper


Increasingly, wildlife managers and land managers are challenged to maintain the viability of large mammal populations. Although the moose (Alces alces) is an ecologically, economically, and culturally important ungulate species found throughout most of Sweden, little is known about its ecology throughout the southern part of the country. We collected baseline ecological data on spatial and habitat use patterns in urbanized southwestern Sweden by fitting 22 adult moose (13 F, nine M) with global positioning system (GPS) radio collars. Home range size of cows did not differ among seasons (P > 0.10); however, bulls had larger home ranges during fall than all other seasons (P < 0.010). Mean home range size of males during fall and spring was larger than females during any season (P < 0.010). We used a Euclidean distance-based approach to analyze multi-scale habitat selection by moose. Moose of both sexes and during all seasons selected boreal forest and mires when establishing a home range (P < 0.10). Moose had seasonal differences in habitat selection within their home range (P 0.001), and generally selected clear-cuts and early successional forests, mature coniferous forests, and glades, but avoided agricultural areas and open water. Habitat and space use characteristics of moose in our urbanizing study area were similar to characteristics reported for moose in forest-dominated landscapes of Fennoscandia.


Alces alces Global positioning system Habitat Home range Moose Radiotelemetry 



We thank the Swedish National Road Administration for funding this project (Vägverket Borlänge and Vägverket Region Väst), and Per-Arne Lemnell, Bengt Evertsson and Hans Skatter of TVP Positioning AB for technical advice.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mattias Olsson
    • 1
  • John J. Cox
    • 2
  • Jeffery L. Larkin
    • 3
  • Per Widén
    • 4
  • Anders Olovsson
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BiologyKarlstad UniversityKarlstadSweden
  2. 2.Department of ForestryUniversity of KentuckyLexingtonUSA
  3. 3.Department of BiologyIndiana University of PennsylvaniaIndianaUSA
  4. 4.Department of Health and Environmental SciencesKarlstad UniversityKarlstadSweden

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