European Journal of Wildlife Research

, Volume 55, Issue 3, pp 247–253 | Cite as

Status survey of the critically endangered Iberian lynx Lynx pardinus in Portugal

  • Pedro Sarmento
  • Joana Cruz
  • Pedro Monterroso
  • Pedro Tarroso
  • Catarina Ferreira
  • Nuno Negrões
  • Catarina Eira
Original Paper

Abstract

A survey of the Iberian lynx was conducted in Portugal between January 2002 and November 2003 in order to define lynx status and distribution baselines. Intensive search for lynx scats, scat DNA analysis, and camera trapping were used in areas of potential lynx presence. Over 4,200 km were investigated during a global searching effort of 1,975 man-hours. DNA obtained from 168 scats was analyzed, producing no positive lynx amplifications. Camera trapping represented a total effort of 5,647 camera-days in three potential lynx areas, producing no positive detections. Although results cannot confirm the species’ extinction, the scenario is rather pessimistic and the Iberian lynx is probably no longer present in Portugal. Presently, considering the Portuguese lynx’s historical range, the only significantly suitable areas for the species are located in the southeastern part of the country bordering Andalusia where no recent evidence of lynx presence was recorded.

Keywords

Camera trapping Conservation Rabbit Scat DNA analysis 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pedro Sarmento
    • 1
  • Joana Cruz
    • 2
  • Pedro Monterroso
    • 3
    • 6
  • Pedro Tarroso
    • 1
    • 6
  • Catarina Ferreira
    • 4
  • Nuno Negrões
    • 5
  • Catarina Eira
    • 5
  1. 1.Reserva Natural da Serra da MalcataPenamacorPortugal
  2. 2.Terra e Tudo—Consultoria e Gestão de Recursos Naturais, Unipessoal LdaPenamacorPortugal
  3. 3.Parque Natural do Vale do GuadianaMértolaPortugal
  4. 4.Parque Natural do Sudoeste Alentejano e Costa VicentinaOdemiraPortugal
  5. 5.CESAM, Departamento de BiologiaUniversidade de AveiroAveiroPortugal
  6. 6.CIBIO, Centro de Investigação em Recursos Genéticos e BiodiversidadeCampus Agrário de VairãoVairãoPortugal

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