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European Journal of Wildlife Research

, Volume 51, Issue 3, pp 199–206 | Cite as

The effects of deforestation on wildlife along the transamazon highway

  • Thierry BonaudoEmail author
  • Yvonnick Le Pendu
  • Jean François Faure
  • Darcisio Quanz
Original Paper

Abstract

Hunting, although prohibited, is widely practiced by the rural inhabitants settled along the Transamazon highway. In 1997 and 2000, we investigated subsistence hunting in Uruará, a township located on an Amazonian pioneer front (Brazil). We analyze hunting practices, game yield, hunting efficiency and their relation to forest coverage rate. The hunting methods were stand hunting (55.5%) and beating (44.5%). Paca (Agouti paca), tatus (Dasypus novemcinctus and D. septemcinctus), and collared peccary (Pecari tajacu) were the most frequently hunted species, supplying 68% of the gross game weight. Beating was significantly more efficient than stand hunting (3 vs. 1.9 kg/hunter/h, Mann–Whitney U test, P=0.02). Hunting territories were classified in three categories according to forest coverage rate. The higher the forest coverage rate the larger was the harvested species and the more efficient the hunter (Kruskal–Wallis test P=0.01). Considering the ecological and demographic changes in this pioneer settlement, development of a viable plan for game management and forest preservation is of great importance.

Keywords

Subsistence hunting Amazon region Game harvest Pioneer settlement Deforestation Hunting techniques 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We are especially grateful to the Embrapa-Amazônia oriental Research Centers of Belém and Uruará (Brazilian Agricultural Research Corporation) and to Cirad (French Agricultural Research Centre for International Development) that permitted the good progress of this survey. We thank Professor Jean François Tourrand for his logistical and scientific help.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thierry Bonaudo
    • 1
    Email author
  • Yvonnick Le Pendu
    • 2
  • Jean François Faure
    • 3
  • Darcisio Quanz
    • 4
  1. 1.Département TERA-GreenCIRADMontpellier Cedex 5France
  2. 2.Universidade Estadual de Santa Cruz (UESC), Departamento de Ciências BiológicasSalobrinho, Ilhéus, BaBrazil
  3. 3.Unité de Service ESPACEIRD Centre IRD d’Orléans TechnoparcOrléans Cedex 2France
  4. 4.EmbrapaUruará, ParáBrazil

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