European Journal of Wildlife Research

, Volume 52, Issue 3, pp 207–212 | Cite as

Habitat and reproductive phenology of wild boar (Sus scrofa) in the western Iberian Peninsula

  • P. Santos
  • P. Fernández-Llario
  • C. Fonseca
  • A. Monzón
  • P. Bento
  • A. M. V. M. Soares
  • P. Mateos-Quesada
  • F. Petrucci-Fonseca
Short Communication


We examined the reproductive phenology of wild boar populations in four regions of the western Iberian Peninsula during the 1999/2000 hunting season (October–February). To estimate conception dates and birth distribution frequencies, we used foetal weights. Regions differed significantly, and we detected a relationship between region and birth distribution frequencies. Throughout the year, food availability had a major influence on the distribution of farrowing. Although a short period of high food availability leads to highly synchronous births, even in relatively harsh environmental conditions, adult females that exploit low-quality food items appear to be able to give birth at any time of the year.


Sus scrofa Birth frequency distribution Hunting season Mediterranean Ibero Atlantic Province 



We are especially grateful to the estate owners that permitted us to collect data on their property. We thank Alfredo Garcia, António Silva, Artur Silvério, Carlos Pereira, Helena Almeida, Joaquim Sousa, Miguel Cortes, Ricardo Carvalho and Rui Morêda for support with the fieldwork. We gratefully acknowledge the financial aid of PAMAF and PRAXIS programmes (project PCNA/BIA/184/96 and grant XXI-BD/13394/97). Special thanks to Dr. Catarina Eira for reviewing the English of the manuscript. Our experiments complied with the laws of Portugal and Spain.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. Santos
    • 1
  • P. Fernández-Llario
    • 2
  • C. Fonseca
    • 3
  • A. Monzón
    • 4
  • P. Bento
    • 4
  • A. M. V. M. Soares
    • 3
  • P. Mateos-Quesada
    • 2
  • F. Petrucci-Fonseca
    • 5
  1. 1.Departamento de Ecologia, Colégio Luís António Verney, R. Romão Ramalho 59Universidade de ÉvoraÉvoraPortugal
  2. 2.Departamento de Biología y GeologíaInstituto de Enseñanza Secundaría “Santa Lucía del Trampal”AlcuéscarSpain
  3. 3.Departamento de BiologiaUniversidade de AveiroAveiroPortugal
  4. 4.Centro de Estudos em Gestão de Ecossistemas, Departamento FlorestalUniversidade de Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro, Quinta de PradosVila Real CodexPortugal
  5. 5.Departamento Zoologia e Antropologia, Faculdade de Ciências C2Universidade Clássica de LisboaCampo GrandePortugal

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