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European Journal of Wildlife Research

, Volume 50, Issue 2, pp 78–84 | Cite as

Do Canada geese (Branta canadensis Linnaeus, 1758) carry infectious agents for birds and man?

  • Brigitte M. BönnerEmail author
  • Walburga Lutz
  • Sabine Jäger
  • T. Redmann
  • B. Reinhardt
  • U. Reichel
  • V. Krajewski
  • R. Weiss
  • J. Wissing
  • W. Knickmeier
  • W. H. Gerlich
  • Ulrike C. Wend
  • E. F. Kaleta
Original Paper

Abstract

Currently, large groups of Canada geese (Branta canadensis Linnaeus, 1758) aggregate in recreational areas of north-western Germany. Questions have arisen as to whether these birds represent a special risk factor as a source of zoonotic agents for humans and as a source of viruses, causing notifiable or reportable diseases, for domestic poultry and waterfowl. To answer these questions, a total of 289 eggs were collected in 2002 and 2003 on a recreation site and assayed. Chlamydia psittaci was not isolated and neither was chlamydial antigen detected by polymerase chain reaction. All virus-isolation attempts were unsuccessful. Neither Salmonella spp. nor Campylobacter spp. was isolated from embryonic tissues, chorioallantoic membranes or yolk-sac membranes. The presence of antibodies against Newcastle disease virus and influenza A virus (haemagglutinin subtypes H5 and H7) was demonstrated in egg yolk. Antibodies were also detected against the egg-drop syndrome 1976 and duck plague viruses. It is concluded that further surveillance studies are needed for a reliable risk assessment.

Keywords

Bacterial zoonotic agents Hepatitis B virus Influenza A virus of the HA subtypes H5 and H7 Duck plague virus Egg-drop syndrome 1976 virus 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The skillful technical assistance of Antoinette Huhn, Julia Schmalz, Sandra David and Ralf Dörr is gratefully acknowledged.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Brigitte M. Bönner
    • 1
    Email author
  • Walburga Lutz
    • 3
  • Sabine Jäger
    • 1
  • T. Redmann
    • 1
  • B. Reinhardt
    • 1
  • U. Reichel
    • 1
  • V. Krajewski
    • 1
  • R. Weiss
    • 2
  • J. Wissing
    • 4
  • W. Knickmeier
    • 4
  • W. H. Gerlich
    • 5
  • Ulrike C. Wend
    • 5
  • E. F. Kaleta
    • 1
  1. 1.Klinik für Vögel, Reptilien, Reptilien, Amphibien und Fische, Fachbereich VeterinärmedizinJustus-Liebig-Universität GiessenGiessenGermany
  2. 2.Institut für Hygiene und Infektionskrankheiten der Tiere, Fachbereich VeterinärmedizinJustus-Liebig-Universität GiessenGiessenGermany
  3. 3.Landesanstalt für Ökologie, Bodenordnung und Forsten NRWDezernat Forschungsstelle für Jagdkunde und WildschadenverhütungBonnGermany
  4. 4.Veterinär- und Lebensmittelüberwachungsamt Bergisch-GladbachGermany
  5. 5.Institut für Medizinische Virologie, FB 20Justus-Liebig-Universiät GiessenGiessenGermany

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