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Investigation of Varietal Characteristics of Tomato Plants for Determining the Diverse Preferences of Bemisia Tabaci (Aleyrodidea: Hemiptera)

  • Hamid RehmanEmail author
  • Aslam Bukero
  • Abdul Ghani Lanjar
  • Lubna Bashir
Original Article
  • 11 Downloads

Abstract

The whitefly (Bemisia tabaci) is a well-known pest of vegetables and ornamental cash crops including tomato plant. Tomato plant disorders, in many instances, are related mostly with the silver leaf whitefly (Bemisia tabaci) feeding. It is well thought out that tomato plant is one of the most favorable host plants for the whitefly. Thus we aimed to study distinctive morphological characteristics of the leaves in seven selected tomato varieties including trichome density, trichome length, leaf lamina thickness and RGB value (red, green, blue) and HSB value (hue, saturation, brightness). Seven hybrid F1 tomato varieties such as TO-1057, TAI-1757, T‑1359, Advanta-1247, New Super, Sultan and Super were tested for the whitefly preferences. Our study suggests that T‑1359 is the highly preferred variety for the whitefly adults (5.32 ± 0.81) and nymphs (6.30 ± 1.13) population. In contrast, Advanta-1247 exhibits the lowest population of whitefly adults (2.71 ± 0.70) and nymphs (1.88 ± 0.43). This study systematically identifies the morphological characters of the tomato plants alongside the whitefly population. The study can be potentially extended to other crops as well.

Keywords

Whitefly Trichome Advanta-1247 Tomato Morphological characteristics 

Untersuchung der Sorteneigenschaften von Tomatenpflanzen zur Bestimmung der verschiedenen Präferenzen von Bemisia tabaci (Aleyrodidea: Hemiptera)

Zusammenfassung

Die Weiße Fliege (Bemisia tabaci) ist ein bekannter Schädling von Gemüse und Zierpflanzen einschließlich Tomatenpflanzen. Erkrankungen der Tomatenpflanzen sind in vielen Fällen hauptsächlich auf den Fraß durch die Weiße Fliege (Bemisia tabaci) zurückzuführen. Es ist bekannt, dass die Tomatenpflanze eine der günstigsten Wirtspflanzen für die Weiße Fliege ist. Daher war es unser Ziel, die charakteristischen morphologischen Eigenschaften der Blätter in sieben ausgewählten Tomatensorten zu untersuchen, darunter die Dichte und Länge der Trichome, die Dicke der Blattlamina, der RGB-Wert (Rot, Grün, Blau) und der HSB-Wert (hue, saturation, brightness = Farbton, Sättigung, Helligkeit). Sieben hybride F1-Tomatensorten wurden bezüglich der Präferenzen der Weiße Fliege getestet: TO-1057, TAI-1757, T‑1359, Advanta-1247, New Super, Sultan und Super. Unsere Studie deutet darauf hin, dass T‑1359 bei erwachsenen Weißen Fliegen (5,32 ± 0,81) und Nymphen (6,30 ± 1,13) eine sehr bevorzugte Sorte ist. Im Gegensatz dazu weist Advanta-1247 die niedrigste Population an erwachsenen Weißen Fliegen (2,71 ± 0,70) und Nymphen (1,88 ± 0,43) auf. Diese Studie identifiziert systematisch die morphologischen Merkmale der Tomatenpflanzen in Verbindung mit der Population der Weißen Fliege. Die Studie kann möglicherweise auch auf andere Kulturen ausgeweitet werden.

Schlüsselwörter

Weiße Fliege Trichome Advanta-1247 Tomate Morphologische Eigenschaften 

Notes

Conflict of interest

H. Rehman, A. Bukaro, A. Ghani Lanjar and L. Bashir declare that they have no competing interests.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Deutschland, ein Teil von Springer Nature 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hamid Rehman
    • 1
    Email author
  • Aslam Bukero
    • 1
  • Abdul Ghani Lanjar
    • 1
  • Lubna Bashir
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of EntomologySindh Agriculture UniversityTandojamPakistan

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