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Seed Priming with Micronutrients for Improving the Quality and Yield of Hybrid Maize

  • Tassadduq Rasool
  • Riaz Ahmad
  • Muhammad Farooq
Original Article
  • 29 Downloads

Abstract

Seed priming is a pragmatic, easy approach and an effective technique. It may prove to be an alternate approach to soil and foliar application of micronutrients. In this study, the effect of micronutrient seed priming at different concentrations and combinations was evaluated on the productivity of hybrid maize (DK-6578). For priming maize seeds were soaked for 8 h in various solutions of zinc (0.5%), boron (0.01%), manganese (0.01%), boron + zinc (0.01% + 0.5%), boron + manganese (0.01% + 0.1%), and boron + zinc + manganese (0.01% + 0.5% + 0.1%). For comparison, seeds were also soaked in simple water (distilled), i. e. hydropriming, and untreated seeds were taken as control. Seed priming in all the treatments substantially induced the early emergence of maize compared to control. Likewise, highest grain yield, biological yield, cob length, grain rows per cob, grains per cob and 1000-grain weight were observed in plants raised from primed seeds, while boron + zinc + manganese priming (0.01% + 0.5% + 0.1%) was the best treatment. Similarly, maximum boron (77.60 mg/kg) and protein contents (10.82%) were observed in boron + zinc + manganese (0.01% + 0.5% + 0.1%) primed seeds, followed by boron + zinc (0.01% + 0.5%). In conclusion, different seed priming strategies improved emergence, yield and quality of maize. The combined application of boron, zinc, and manganese (0.01% + 0.5% + 0.1%) for seed priming was the most effective treatment technique.

Keywords

Micronutrients Protein Hydropriming Osmopriming Seed treatment 

Saatgutvorbehandlung mit Mikronährstofflösung zur Verbesserung der Qualität und des Ertrags von Hybridmais

Zusammenfassung

Saatgutvorbehandlung ist eine pragmatische, leicht zugängliche und effektive Technik, die ein alternativer Ansatz für die Boden- und Blattaufbringung von Mikronährstoffen sein kann. In dieser Studie untersucht wurde der Effekt einer Saatgutvorbehandlung mit Mikronährstoffen in verschiedenen Konzentrationen und Kombinationen auf die Produktivität von Hybridmais (DK-6578). Für die Aufbereitung wurden Maissamen 8 h lang in verschiedenen Lösungen aus Zink (0,5 %), Bor (0,01 %), Mangan (0,01 %), Bor + Zink (0,01 % + 0,5 %), Bor + Mangan (0,01 % + 0,1 %), Bor + Zink + Mangan (0,01 % + 0,5 % + 0,1 %) quellen gelassen. Zum Vergleich wurden Maissamen in destilliertem Wasser quellen gelassen (Hydropriming), und unbehandeltes Saatgut diente als Kontrolle. Die Saatgutvorbehandlung führte im Wesentlichen dazu, dass der Mais im Vergleich zur Kontrolle früh aufging. Die höchste Kornernte, der höchste biologische Ertrag, die größte Kolbenlänge, die meisten Kornreihen pro Kolben, die meisten Körner pro Kolben und die höchste Tausendkornmasse wurden bei Pflanzen beobachtet, die aus vorbehandeltem Saatgut hervorgingen. Dabei war die Kombination Bor + Zink + Mangan (0,01 % + 0,5 %+ 0,1 %) die beste Behandlungsmethode. Ebenso wurden maximale Bor- (77,60 mg/kg) und Proteingehalte (10,82 %) bei mit Bor + Zink + Mangan (0,01 % + 0,5 % + 0,1 %) vorbehandelten Samen beobachtet, gefolgt von Bor + Zink (0,01 % + 0,5 %). Zusammenfassend lässt sich sagen, dass verschiedene Strategien zur Saatgutvorbehandlung das Aufgehen, den Ertrag und die Qualität von Mais verbessern. Dabei hat sich die Kombination von Bor, Zink und Mangan (0,01 % + 0,5 % + 0,1 %) als die effektivste erwiesen.

Schlüsselwörter

Mikronährstoffe Protein Hydropriming Osmopriming Saatbehandlung 

Notes

Conflict of interest

T. Rasool, R. Ahmad and M. Farooq declare that they have no competing interests.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Deutschland, ein Teil von Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tassadduq Rasool
    • 1
  • Riaz Ahmad
    • 1
  • Muhammad Farooq
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of AgronomyUniversity of AgricultureFaisalabadPakistan
  2. 2.Department of Crop Sciences, College of Agricultural and Marine SciencesSultan Qaboos UniversityMuscatOman
  3. 3.Institute of AgricultureThe University of Western AustraliaCrawleyAustralia

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