European Journal of Forest Research

, Volume 130, Issue 6, pp 1067–1074 | Cite as

Larval performances and life cycle completion of the Siberian moth, Dendrolimus sibiricus (Lepidoptera: Lasiocampidae), on potential host plants in Europe: a laboratory study on potted trees

  • Natalia Kirichenko
  • Julie Flament
  • Yuri Baranchikov
  • Jean-Claude Grégoire
Original Paper

Abstract

The Siberian moth, Dendrolimus sibiricus, Tschtv. is the most harmful defoliator of coniferous forests in North Asia. The pest has already spread over the Urals and continues moving westwards. Recently, it has been recommended for quarantine in member countries by European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (EPPO). The performances of the pest on coniferous species planted in Europe were assessed on a range of potted trees corresponding to the spectrum of economically important conifers in the EU: European larch Larix decidua, Norway spruce Picea abies, Scots pine Pinus sylvestris, European black pine Pinus nigra, and the North American species: Douglas fir Pseudotsuga menziesii and grand fir Abies grandis. Larvae showed a potential to survive and complete the development on all these host tree species. Favorable hosts were grand fir, European larch, and Douglas fir that allowed higher survival, better larval development, and as a result, yielded heavier pupae and adult moths with higher longevity. Black pine was a poor host but, however, could still support larval and pupal development. Norway spruce and Scots pine had an intermediate behavior. If accidentally introduced to Europe, the Siberian moth may become especially damaging in forest stands predominated by European larch and by the North American firs. Norway spruce and especially the two-needle pines will be less prone to intensive defoliation by this species. The fact that the pest may damage the range of economically important coniferous species should be taken into account in the pest risk assessment for Europe and also for North America where the Siberian moth occurrence is considered likely.

Keywords

Siberian moth Host suitability Europe Life cycle completion Pest risk assessment 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We thank Alexey Pudovkin and Dmitriy Gorshnyakov (Shipunovskiy forestry, Altai, Russia), and Dr. Vladimir Petko (V. N. Sukachev Institute of Forest SB RAS, Krasnoyarsk Russia) for their assistance in collecting insects in the field and Jean-Marc Molenberg and Roberta Kolberg (Université Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium) for their valuable help at different stages of the indoor experiment. We very much appreciate the comments of two anonymous reviewers and the editor on a previous draft, which substantially improved the manuscript. The work was undertaken within the project PRAVEG financed by the Belgian Federal Service Public Health, Security of the Food Chain and Environment. The partial support was provided by the fund of President of the Russian Federation (grant No. MK-7049.2010.4), the Russian Foundation of Basic Research (grant No. 10-04-00196-a) and by the fund of the Siberian branch of Russian Academy of Sciences (Lavrentiev’s grant) (grant No. 19).

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Natalia Kirichenko
    • 1
  • Julie Flament
    • 2
  • Yuri Baranchikov
    • 1
  • Jean-Claude Grégoire
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Forest ZoologyV. N. Sukachev Institute of Forest SB RASKrasnoyarskRussia
  2. 2.Lutte biologique et Ecologie spatiale (LUBIES)Université Libre de BruxellesBruxellesBelgium

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