, Volume 61, Issue 1, pp 9–21 | Cite as

Factors Governing Success in Shoot Tip Culture of Bananas with Special Reference to Mixed Genomic Groups: an Overview

  • Ajit Arun WamanEmail author
  • Pooja Bohra
Original Article


Micropropagation has proven to be a revolutionary technique for commercial scale quality planting material production in banana. Though a number of varieties with regional preferences are being cultivated in various parts of the world, commercial application of micropropagation is largely limited to the varieties of Cavendish group. This lack of attention to other genomic groups is largely due to the limited consumer preference and problems encountered during their micropropagation, which have negative impact on their commercial scale utilization. Besides the genetic constitution of banana varieties, several other factors viz. environmental conditions, explant type and size, surface sterilization technique, media components, culture environment, acclimatization conditions etc. are also responsible for variable in vitro performance of these varieties. The present review highlights various factors affecting the success of micropropagation through shoot tip culture in banana varieties with mixed genomic groups.


In vitro Musa Micropropagation Scaling up 

Erfolgsfaktoren für die Triebspitzenkultur bei Bananen unter besonderer Berücksichtigung gemischter genomischer Gruppen: Ein Überblick


In vitro Musa Microvermehrung Fortschritt 



The authors are thankful to Dr. B.N. Sathyanarayana, UAS, Bengaluru and Director, ICAR-CIARI, Port Blair for providing necessary facilities for conduct of various experiments. Financial supports in the form of DST-INSPIRE fellowships (IF-10076, IF-10077) to the authors are also thankfully acknowledged.

Conflict of interest

A. Arun Waman and P. Bohra declare that they have no competing interests.


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© Springer-Verlag GmbH Deutschland, ein Teil von Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Horticulture and ForestryICAR—Central Island Agricultural Research InstitutePort BlairIndia

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