Advertisement

Erwerbs-Obstbau

, Volume 60, Supplement 1, pp 11–19 | Cite as

Changes in Yield and Quality Characteristics of Some Early Ripening Table Grape Cultivars (V. vinifera L.) in Response to Different Doses of Distinct Biostimulant Treatments

  • Demir KokEmail author
  • Erdinç BAL
Original Articles
  • 130 Downloads

Abstract

Grape growers may occasionally face difficulties in grape skin coloration and low total soluble solids content in growing of early ripening table grape cultivars. In order to overcome these difficulties, it can be utilized from foliar biostimulants treatments. The purpose of this study, carried out 2015 growing season in Tekirdağ, Turkey, was to compare the effects of doses of two different biostimulants, enhancing table grape quality characteristics of cv. Tarsus Beyazı, cv. Trakya Ilkeren and cv. Yalova Incisi. For this aim, it was focused on three different doses for both biostimulants, including 0, 1750 and 3500 ppm (respectively, Control, BSt A-1 and BSt A-2) for first biostimulant and 0, 3500 and 4500 ppm (respectively, Control, BSt B-1 and BSt B-2) for second biostimulant. As a result, present research demonstrated that BSt B-2 and BSt A-2 treatments especially enhanced most of table grape quality characteristics in cv. Tarsus Beyazı, cv. Trakya Ilkeren and cv. Yalova Incisi.

Keywords

V Vinifera L Early Ripening Table Grape Biostimulant Phenolic Compounds Colorimetric parameters 

Einfluss von Biostimulatoren auf Ertrag und Qualitätskriterien von frühreifenden Tafeltraubensorten (V. vinifera L.)

Schlüsselwörter

V Vinifera L Frühreifende Tafeltrauben Biostimulatoren Phenolverbindungen Colorimetrische Parameter 

Notes

Conflict of interest

D. Kok and E. BAL declare that they have no competing interests.

References

  1. Anonymous (2014) Food and agriculture organization of the United Nations. http://www.fao.org/faostat/en/#data/QC. Accessed 20 Feb 2017Google Scholar
  2. Bakker J, Bridle P, Timberlake F (1986) Tristimulus measurement (CIELAB 76) of port wine colour. Vitis 25:67–78Google Scholar
  3. Boulton RB, Singleton VL, Bisson LF, Kunkee RE (1998) Principles and practices of winemaking. Springer, Aspen; New YorkGoogle Scholar
  4. Calvo P, Nelson L, Klopper JW (2014) Agricultural uses of plant biostimulants. Plant Soil 383:3–41CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Carreno J, Martinez A, Almela L, Fernandez-Lopez JA (1995) Proposal of an index for the objective evaluation of the color of red table grapes. Food Res Int 28:373–377CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Çelik S (2011) Viticulture (Ampelology), 3rd edn. vol I. Avcı Ofset, IstanbulGoogle Scholar
  7. Crouch I, Vanstaden J (1993) Evidence for the presence of plant growth regulators in commercial seaweed products. Plant Growth Regul 13:21–29CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Fornes F, Almela V, Abad M, Agusti M (2002) Low concentrations of chitosan coating reduce water spot incidence and delay peel pigmentation of Clementine mandarine fruit. J Sci Food Agric 85(7):1105–1112CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Hanoock JF (2008) Temperate fruit crop breeding: Germplasm to genomics. University of Michigan, MichiganCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Hoffmann M (1991) Elektrochemische Merkmale zur Differenzierung von Lebensmitteln. In: Meier-Ploeger A, Vogtmann H (eds) Lebensmittelqualitat – Ganzheitliche Methoden und Konzepte – Alternative Konzepte – vol 66. Deukalion. CF Müller, Karlsruhe, pp 67–86Google Scholar
  11. Isci B, Gokbayrak Z, Keskin N (2015) Effects of cultural practices on total phenolics and vitamin c content of organic table grapes. S Afr J Enol Vitic 36(2):191–194Google Scholar
  12. Kamiloğlu Ö (2014) Berry quality characteristics of some early table cultivars. Res J Agric Sci 7(1):58–63Google Scholar
  13. Kara Z, Akay A, Ateş F, Yağmur B (2008) The P‑value as A tool for quality measurements in grape industry. 31. World Congress of Vine and Wine, 6. General Assembly of the O.I. V., Growing Techniques. Sustainability and Specificity of Production, Verona, 15–20 June 2008Google Scholar
  14. Kara Z, Ateş F, Sabir A (2012) Some quality parameters investigated in Sultani Çekirdeksiz (Vitis vinifera L.) clones during ripening period. 47th Croatian and 7th International symposium on Agriculture, Opatija-Croatia, 13–17 February 2012 (Hrvatska)Google Scholar
  15. Kok D (2011) Influences of pre- and post-verasion cluster thinning treatments on grape composition variables and monoterpene levels of Vitis vinifera L. Cv. Sauvignon Blanc. J Food Agric Environ 9(1):22–26Google Scholar
  16. Kok D (2016a) Effects of foliar seaweed and humic acid treatments on monoterpene profile and biochemical properties of cv. Riesling berry (V. vinifera L.) throughout the maturation period. J Tekirdag Agric Fac 13(2):67–74Google Scholar
  17. Kok D (2016b) Variation in total phenolic compounds, anthocyanin and monoterpene content of ‘Muscat Hamburg’ table grape variety (V. vinifera L.) as affected by cluster thinning and early and late period basal leaf removal treatments. Erwerb Obstbau 58(4):241–246CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Kok D, Bal E (2016) Seedless berry growth and bioactive compounds of cv. ‘Recel Uzümü’ (V. vinifera L.) as affected by application doses and times of pre-harvest Thidiazuron. Erwerb Obstbau 58(4):253–258CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Kok D, Bal E (2017a) Electrochemical properties and biochemical composition of cv. Shiraz wine grape (V. vinifera L.) depending on various dose and application time of foliar microbial fertilizer treatment. Erwerb Obstbau.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10341-017-0319-9 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Kok D, Bal E (2017b) Chemical and non-chemical thinning treatments influence berry growth and composition of cv. Shiraz wine grape (V. vinifera L.). Erwerb Obstbau.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10341-017-0321-2 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Kok D, Bal E, Celik S, Ozer C, Karauz A (2010) The influences of different doses on table quality characteristics of cv. Trakya Ilkeren (Vitis vinifera L.). Bulg J Agric Sci 16(4):429–435Google Scholar
  22. Kok D, Bal E, Celik S (2013) Influences of various canopy management techniques on wine grape quality of V. vinifera L. cv. Kalecik Karası. Bulg J Agric Sci 19(6):1247–1252Google Scholar
  23. Kunicki E, Grabowska A, Sekara A, Wojciechowska R (2010) The effect of cultivar type, time of cultivation and biostimulant treatment on the yield of spinach (Spinacia oleracea L.). Folia Hortic 22:9–13CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Lancaster JE, Lister CE, Reay PF, Triggs CM (1997) Influence of pigment composition on skin color in a wide range of fruit and vegetables. J Am Soc Hortic Sci 122:594–598Google Scholar
  25. Liang Z, Sang M, Fan P, Wu B, Wang L, Yang S, Li S (2011) CIELAB coordinates in response to berry skin anthocyanins and their composition in Vitis. J Food Sci 76(3):490–497CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Looney NE (1993) Improving fruit size, appearance and other aspects of fruit crop quality with plant bioregulating chemicals. Acta Hortic 329:120–127CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Plessis BW (2008) Cellular Factors That Affect Table Grape Berry Firmness. Master‘s thesis, Stellenbosch University, South AfricaGoogle Scholar
  28. Poudel PR, Tamura H, Kataoka I, Mochioka R (2008) Phenolic compounds and antioxidant activities of skin and seeds of five wild grapes and two hybrids native to Japan. J Food Compost Anal 21:622–625CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Przybysz A, Gawronska H, Gajc-Wolska J (2014) Biological mode of action of a nitrophenolates-based biostimulant: case study. Front Plant Sci 5:1–15CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Singleton VL, Timberlake CF, Kea L (1978) The phenolic cinnamates of white grapes and wine. J Sci Food Agric 29:403–410CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Söylemezoğlu G, Kunter B, Akkurt M, Sağlam M, Ünal A, Buzrul S, Tahmaz H (2015) Methods for improving of viticulture and production targets. VIII. Technical Congress of Turkey Agricultural Engineering, Ankara, 12–16. January 2015, pp 606–629Google Scholar
  32. Strydom J (2014) The effect of foliar potassium and seaweed products in combination with a leonardite fertigation product on Flame Seedless grape quality. S Afr J Enol Vitic 35(2):283–291Google Scholar
  33. Winkler A, Cook J, Kliewer W, Lider L (1974) General viticulture. University of California Press, BerkeleyGoogle Scholar
  34. Zurawicz E, Mazny A, Basak A (2004) Productivity stimulation in strawberry by application of plant bioregulators. Plant Growth Regul 653:155–160Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Deutschland, ein Teil von Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Agricultural Faculty, Department of HorticultureNamık Kemal UniversityTekirdağTurkey

Personalised recommendations