, Volume 60, Supplement 1, pp 3–10 | Cite as

Freeze Injure and Antioxidant Enzyme Activity of Grapevine (Vitis Vinifera) Under Bio-Boron Fertilizer Applications

  • Cafer Köse
  • Adem GüneşEmail author
  • Özkan Kaya
  • Nurgül Kıtır
  • Metin Turan
  • Fikrettin Şahin
Original Article


This study was conducted to determine the effects of plant growth promoting bacteria (PGPR) and boron (Bio-B) on the plant freeze injury, antioxidant enzyme activity and fruit yield of grapevine cultivar. The experimental plot was a completely randomized design with 5 replicates. As a trial model Bio-B and control were used as fertilizer agent. Bio-B fertilizer has been applied in different ways as soil + foliar, soil and foliar application methods to grapevine plants. Data through 2 years trials results showed that the use of Bio-B significantly decreased freeze injury and increased antioxidant enzyme activity of grapevine leaf. The highest damage rate at control group occurred with −20 °C and 94.89% ratio. In the same temperature degree at grape plant, the damage ratio of the Bio-B application from soil decreased by 21.55%; the application from leaf by 25.53% and with the application from soil + leaf by 26.24%. In addition to this, compared with control, in the CAT, POD and SOD enzyme activities increases occurred with the ratios as 28.57%, 22.05% and 39.25%, respectively. Generally, as results of this study under field conditions, Bio-B fertilizer application decreased freeze injure and increased antioxidant enzyme activity of the grapevine plant.


Grapevine PGPR Boron Cold Antioxidant enzyme 

Einfluss von Bio-Bor-Düngern auf die Frostschädigung und antioxidative Enzymaktivität bei Weinreben


Weinrebe PGPR Bor Kälte Antioxidative Enzyme 



Grateful to the project of Research and Development of Industry Minister (Project number: 01194.STZ.2012-1) for their productive financial support of this study.

Conflict of interest

C. Köse, A. Güneş, Ö. Kaya, N. Kıtır, M. Turan and F. Şahin declare that they have no competing interests.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Deutschland, ein Teil von Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cafer Köse
    • 1
  • Adem Güneş
    • 2
    Email author
  • Özkan Kaya
    • 3
  • Nurgül Kıtır
    • 4
  • Metin Turan
    • 4
  • Fikrettin Şahin
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Horticulture, Faculty of AgricultureAtaturk UniversityErzurumTurkey
  2. 2.Department of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, Faculty of AgricultureErciyes UniversityKayseriTurkey
  3. 3.Erzincan Horticultural Research InstituteErzincanTurkey
  4. 4.Department of Genetics and Bioengineering, Faculty of EngineeringYeditepe UniversityIstanbulTurkey

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