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Distinct genotypes and phenotypes in European and American strains of Drosophila suzukii: implications for biology and management of an invasive organism

  • Omar Rota-StabelliEmail author
  • Lino Ometto
  • Gabriella Tait
  • Silvia Ghirotto
  • Rupinder Kaur
  • Francesco Drago
  • Josefa González
  • Vaughn M. Walton
  • Gianfranco Anfora
  • Marco Valerio Rossi-Stacconi
Original Paper

Abstract

A clearer understanding of the structure of pest populations in newly invaded areas is a key step towards their effective management. Here, we use Drosophila suzukii as a model to highlight how populations from separate geographical regions differ in their genetic and phenotypic traits, including those associated with their invasiveness. New X-linked data indicate the presence of at most three D. suzukii genetic clusters in Europe, while North American populations are characterised by a larger genetic diversity. We found a likely new colonisation event from America to Italy and demonstrate that reference genomes from Italian and Californian populations lay in highly distant clusters. Comparative genomics indicate that these two genomes bear the traces of distinct evolutionary forces and are genetically distant, having diversified long ago in their native Asian range. Phenotypic studies further indicate that European and North American populations have differences in hatch rate, generation time, and parasitoid susceptibility. The observed genotypic and phenotypic differences likely represent a small fraction of the features unique to each of the two populations. The results provide some new insights towards both fundamental and management studies on invasive pests, particularly when findings are transferred across populations found in different geographical regions.

Keywords

Invasive insect Comparative genomics Population genetics Parasitoid Life table Intraspecific variations Drosophila suzukii 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

All authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

All applicable international, national, and/or institutional guidelines for the care and use of animals (Drosophila fruit flies) were followed. This article does not contain any studies with human participants performed by any of the authors.

Supplementary material

10340_2019_1172_MOESM1_ESM.pptx (267 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (PPTX 266 kb)
10340_2019_1172_MOESM2_ESM.docx (46 kb)
Supplementary material 2 (DOCX 45 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Omar Rota-Stabelli
    • 1
    Email author
  • Lino Ometto
    • 1
    • 2
  • Gabriella Tait
    • 1
  • Silvia Ghirotto
    • 3
  • Rupinder Kaur
    • 1
    • 4
  • Francesco Drago
    • 1
  • Josefa González
    • 5
  • Vaughn M. Walton
    • 6
  • Gianfranco Anfora
    • 1
    • 7
  • Marco Valerio Rossi-Stacconi
    • 1
    • 6
  1. 1.Research and Innovation CentreFondazione Edmund Mach (FEM)San Michele all’AdigeItaly
  2. 2.Dipartimento di Biologia e Biotecnologie “L. Spallanzani”University of PaviaPaviaItaly
  3. 3.Dipartimento di Scienze della vita e BiotecnologieUniversity of FerraraFerraraItaly
  4. 4.Instituto Gulbenkian de CiênciaOeirasPortugal
  5. 5.Institute of Evolutionary BiologyCSIC-Universitat Pompeu FabraBarcelonaSpain
  6. 6.Department of HorticultureOregon State UniversityCorvallisUSA
  7. 7.Centre Agriculture Food Environment (C3A)University of TrentoSan Michele all’AdigeItaly

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