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Journal of Pest Science

, Volume 93, Issue 1, pp 461–475 | Cite as

Host plant preferences and detection of host plant volatiles of the migrating psyllid species Cacopsylla pruni, the vector of European Stone Fruit Yellows

  • Jannicke Gallinger
  • Barbara Jarausch
  • Wolfgang Jarausch
  • Jürgen GrossEmail author
Original Paper

Abstract

Plant-emitted volatile organic compounds play an important role in plant–insect interactions. Thanks to plant-emitted volatiles, herbivores are able to find suitable hosts. Recognition and location of host plants are a key challenge for successful survival and reproduction of migrating insects, such as the plum psyllid Cacopsylla pruni. This psyllid migrates between Prunus spp. for reproduction and conifers for overwintering. C. pruni also is the only known vector of ‘Candidatus Phytoplasma prunorum’, a plant pathogen causing the European Stone Fruit Yellows, a severe plant disease. The preference of C. pruni for different Prunus species was monitored in the field. The sampling revealed a high abundance of C. pruni on Prunus spinosa, the natural host, as well as on different Prunus rootstock suckers. To investigate the influence of volatile profiles from different plants on the host preferences of C. pruni, the volatiles of two reproduction hosts and one overwintering host were sampled and analyzed by gas chromatography and mass spectrometry. The volatile compositions were compared, and important components that lead to the differentiation between plant species and growth stages were identified. Antennal responses of C. pruni females were elicited by eleven plant species and growth stage-specific volatiles, detected by electroantennography. The role of host plant volatiles on the migration behavior and the use of synthetic components in alternative control strategies are discussed.

Keywords

Candidatus Phytoplasma prunorum’ Plum leaf sucker Host location Olfaction EAG Migration Prunus spp 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We thank Svenja Stein, Sabine Wetzel, Sebastian Faus and Kai Lukat (Dossenheim, Germany) for experimental assistance. We are particularly grateful to Uwe Harzer (DLR Rheinpfalz, Neustadt, Germany) for the permission to conduct experiments and sampling in institute’s orchards. We thank Eva Gross (Schriesheim, Germany) for language editing. We are grateful to Stephen Lapointe, Justin George and Paul S. Robbins (USDA, Fort Pierce, USA) for helpful advices for conducting EAG with psyllids.

Funding

JGa was supported by a fund of the “Landwirtschaftliche Rentenbank” number 28RF4IP008. WJ was supported by the ZIM project KF2248403 MD9.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Human and animal rights

This article does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.

Supplementary material

10340_2019_1135_MOESM1_ESM.docx (132 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 132 kb)
10340_2019_1135_MOESM2_ESM.docx (38 kb)
Supplementary material 2 (DOCX 37 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory of Applied Chemical Ecology, Institute for Plant Protection in Fruit Crops and ViticultureJulius Kühn-Institut, Federal Research Centre for Cultivated PlantsDossenheimGermany
  2. 2.Laboratory of Zoology, Institute for Plant Protection in Fruit Crops and ViticultureJulius Kühn-Institut, Federal Research Centre for Cultivated PlantsSiebeldingenGermany
  3. 3.AlPlanta-Institute for Plant ResearchRLP AgroScienceNeustadt an der WeinstrasseGermany
  4. 4.Plant Chemical EcologyTechnical University of DarmstadtDarmstadtGermany

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