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Journal of Pest Science

, Volume 92, Issue 1, pp 107–115 | Cite as

The Asian chestnut gall wasp Dryocosmus kuriphilus: a global invader and a successful case of classical biological control

  • Dimitrios N. AvtzisEmail author
  • George Melika
  • Dinka Matošević
  • David R. Coyle
Review
  • 220 Downloads

Abstract

Native to China, the Asian chestnut gall wasp, Dryocosmus kuriphilus (ACGW), was first found outside its native range in Japan and the Korean peninsula in the mid-twentieth century. After appearing in North America in 1974, it was found in Europe a few decades later. Since then, the gall wasp has spread throughout the distribution of chestnut in Europe. The ACGW’s discovery in North America and Europe elicited numerous studies to understand its invasive potential in these areas and how to control its spread and impact on chestnut production. Although endemic parasitoids responded positively to D. kuriphilus with low parasitism rates, the most effective management tactic has been classical biological control via the introduction of the parasitoid Torymus sinensis from its native range in China. This review summarizes the history of introduction, spread, and current distribution of D. kuriphilus, and highlights one of the most successful cases of classical biological control against a forest pest.

Keywords

Dryocosmus kuriphilus Asian chestnut gall wasp Torymus sinensis Biological control Invasive pest 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to thank the Guest Editors of the Special Issue “Invasive insect pests of forest and urban trees: pathways, early detection and management” for the invitation to contribute this review to this Special Issue.

Funding

This review was not supported by any grant.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interests.

Ethical approval

This article does not contain any studies with human participants performed by any of the authors.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dimitrios N. Avtzis
    • 1
    Email author
  • George Melika
    • 2
  • Dinka Matošević
    • 3
  • David R. Coyle
    • 4
  1. 1.Hellenic Agricultural Organization DemeterForest Research InstituteVassilika, ThessaloníkiGreece
  2. 2.Plant Health and Molecular Biology LaboratoryNational Food Chain Safety Office, Directorate of Plant Protection, Soil Conservation and Agri-EnvironmentBudapestHungary
  3. 3.Division for Forest Protection and Game ManagementCroatian Forest Research InstituteJastrebarskoCroatia
  4. 4.Department of Forestry and Environmental ConservationClemson UniversityClemsonUSA

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