Advertisement

Journal of Pest Science

, Volume 91, Issue 2, pp 699–705 | Cite as

Susceptibility of selected stored product insects to a combination treatment of pyriproxyfen and novaluron

  • F. H. Arthur
  • K. L. Hartzer
Original Paper
  • 133 Downloads

Abstract

There are many published studies of either insect growth regulators (IGR) or chitinase inhibitors applied directly to larvae of stored product insects or incorporated into their diets, but few studies evaluating efficacy of IGRs or chitinase inhibitors applied alone or in combination with a surface for residual control. Tests were conducted to evaluate susceptibility of Tribolium castaneum (Herbst), the red flour beetle, Trogoderma variabile (Ballion), the warehouse beetle, and Dermestes maculatus (DeGeer), the hide beetle, to Tekko® Pro which contained the IGR pyriproxyfen and the chitinase inhibitor novaluron as active ingredients. Efficacy was assessed by adult emergence of exposed immatures, an index based on development of those exposed immatures, and progeny production of exposed adults. Concrete arenas were treated with the label rate of the insecticide applied to a surface, and bioassays were conducted at 0–16 weeks post-treatment. No exposed T. castaneum eggs or larvae reached the adult stage and index values for exposed eggs and larvae remained near the minimum. Adult emergence of T. variable from eggs or larvae did not exceed 25% for the first 8 weeks of the test, but at the end of the test at 16 weeks adult emergence was 44 and 71%, respectively, for eggs and larvae. No eggs or larvae of D. maculatus emerged as adults, but excessive cannibalization in untreated controls occurred throughout the test. Results show that Tekko® Pro will give residual control of T. castaneum and T. variabile, and could replace older conventional neurotoxic insecticides for management of stored product insects.

Keywords

Insect growth regulators Chitinase inhibitors Stored product insects Development 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We thank the Industrial Fumigant Company for providing the Tekko® Pro insecticide used in the study. This paper reports the results of research only. Mention of trade names or commercial products in this publication is solely for the purpose of providing specific information and does not imply recommendation or endorsement by the U.S. Department of Agriculture. The US Department of Agriculture is an equal opportunity provider and employer.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

There is no known conflict of interest regarding the research. The insecticide was provided by a local pest management company, and no outside funding was received for the research.

References

  1. Aloykhin A, Sewell G, Choban R (2008) Reduced viability of Colorado potato beetle, Leptinotarsa decemlineata, eggs exposed to novaluron. Pest Manage Sci 64:94–99CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Arthur FH (2015) Residual efficacy of pyrethrin + methoprene for control of Tribolium castaneum and Tribolium confusum in a commercial flour mill. J Stored Prod Res 63:42–44CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Arthur, FH (2016) Methodology for evaluating the insect growth regulator (IGR) methoprene on packaging films. Insects 7(3):33CrossRefPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  4. Arthur FH, Fontenot EA (2012a) Food source provisioning and susceptibility of immature and adult T. castaneum on concrete partially treated with chlorfenapyr (Phantom®). J Pest Sci 85:277–282CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Arthur FH, Fontenot EA (2012b) Residual activity of methoprene and novaluron as surface treatments to manage the flour beetles, Tribolium castaneum and Tribolium confusum. J Insect Sci 12:95CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  6. Arthur FH, Lui S, Zhao B, Phillips TW (2009) Residual efficacy of pyriproxyfen and hydroprene applied to wood, metal and concrete for control of stored-product insects. Pest Manag Sci 65:791–797CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Arthur FH, Campbell JF, Donaldson JE (2017) Particle size, food contamination, and residual efficacy of pyrethrin + methoprene aerosol. J Stored Prod Res 72:100–110CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Athanassiou CG, Rumbos CI, Sakka MK, Vayias BJ, Stephou VK, Naks CT (2016) Insecticidal effect of the combined application of spinosad, Beauveria bassiana and diatomaceous earth for the control of Tribolium confusum. Biocontrol Sci 26:809–819CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Beuzelin JM, Akbar W, Mészáros A, Reay-Jones FPF, Reagan TE (2010) Field assessment of novaluron for sugarcane borer, Diatraea saccharalis (F.) (Lepidoptera: Crambidae), management in Louisiana sugarcane. Crop Protect 29:1168–1176CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Fontenot EA, Arthur FH, Hartzer K (2014) Effect of diet and refugia on development of Dermestes maculatus DeGeer reared in a laboratory. J Pest Sci 88:113–119CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Fontenot EA, Arthur FH, Hartzer K (2015) Oviposition of Dermestes maculatus DeGeer, the hide beetle, as affected by biological and environmental conditions. J Stored Prod Res 64B:154–159CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Ghimire MN, Arthur FH, Myers SW, Phillips TW (2016) Residual efficacy of deltamethrin and β-cyfluthrin against Trogoderma variabile and Trogoderma inclusum (Coleoptera: Dermestidae). J Stored Prod Res 66:6–11CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Keefer TC, Puckett RT, Brown KS, Gold RE (2015) Field trials with 0.5% novaluron insecticide applied as a bait to control subterranean termites (Reticulitermes sp. and Coptotermes formosanus [Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae]) on structures. J Econ Entomol 108:2407–2413CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. Kharel K, Arthur FH, Campbell JF, Zhu KY, Subramanyam Bh (2014) Susceptibility of different life stages of Tribolium confusum to pyrethrin aerosol: effects of flour source on insecticidal efficacy. J Pest Sci 87:295–300CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Kostyukovsky IM, Trostanetsky A (2006) The effect of a new chitin synthesis inhibitor, novaluron, on various developmental stages of Tribolium castaneum (Herbst). J Stored Prod Res 42:136–148CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Lohmeyer KH, Pound JM (2012) Laboratory evaluation of novaluron as a development site treatment for controlling larval horn flies, house flies, and stable flies (Diptera: Muscidae). J Med Entomol 49:647–651CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. Lopez JD Jr, Lan Y, Latheef MA, Hoffman WC, Fritz BK, Martin DE (2008) Laboratory evaluation of novaluron for toxicity to nymphal instars of field-collected southern green stink bug on cotton. Southwest Entomol 33:119–127CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Parys KA, Snodgrass GL, Luttrell RG, Allen KC, Little NS (2016) Baseline susceptibility of Lygus lineolaris (Hemiptera: Miridae) to novaluron. J Econ Entomol 109:339–344CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. Scheff D, Subramanyam Bh, Arthur FH (2016) Effect of methoprene impregnated polymer packaging on fecundity, egg hatchability, and egg-to-adult development of Tribolium castaneum and Trogoderma variabile. J Stored Prod Res 69:227–234CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Sutton AE, Arthur FH, Zhu KY, Campbell JF, Murray LW (2011) Residual efficacy of pyrethrin + methoprene aerosol against larvae of Tribolium castaneum and Tribolium confusum (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae). J Stored Prod Res 47:399–406CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Trostanetsky A, Kostyukovsky M (2008) Transovarial activity of the chitin synthesis inhibitor novaluron on egg hatch and subsequent development of larvae of Tribolium castaneum. Phytoparasitica 36:38–41CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Trostanetsky A, Kostyukovsky M, Quinn E (2015) Transovarial effect of novaluron on Tribolium castaneum (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) after termination of direct contact. J Ins Sci 15:125CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Wijayaratne LKW, Fields PG, Arthur FH (2012) Effect of methoprene on the progeny production of Tribolium castaneum (Herbst) (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae). Pest Manag Sci 68:217–224CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany (outside the USA) 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.USDA, Agricultural Research ServiceCenter for Grain and Animal Health ResearchManhattanUSA
  2. 2.Ricketsial Zoonoses Branch, MS-G-13, Centers for Disease Control and PreventionAtlantaUSA

Personalised recommendations