Journal of Pest Science

, Volume 89, Issue 2, pp 313–328 | Cite as

Grapevine insect pests and their natural enemies in the age of global warming

  • Annette ReinekeEmail author
  • Denis Thiéry


We review direct and indirect effects of climate change on both the grapevine plant as a host for phytophagous insects, as well as on grape insect pests, their natural enemies and corresponding future grape plant protection strategies. Phenology, voltinism and distribution ranges are well known traits of many arthropods influenced by temperature as the key abiotic factor and thus by current and future climate change scenarios. Case studies of grapevine pests based on data from three decades point to clear changes in phenology of grape berry moths, shifts in distribution ranges of leafhoppers as vectors of grapevine diseases and range expansion of grapevine mealybugs. These case studies also illustrate the need to include data on putatively changed tri-trophic interactions in vineyards when predicting impacts of climate change on grapevine pest insects. Hence, future pest management strategies should be based on a sound set of field data obtained for both pests and antagonists under changed abiotic conditions, which can also build the basis for refining and extending currently existing models for forecasting population levels of respective insect pests.


Climate change Viticulture Trophic interactions Biological control Insect phenology 



The authors are members of the IOBC working group ‘Integrated protection and production in viticulture’ and their research units are partners in the Bordeaux-Adelaide-Geisenheim (BAG) international project alliance. AR acknowledges funds by the LOEWE excellence cluster FACE2FACE of the Hessian State Ministry of Higher Education, Research and the Arts. Berthold Fuchs kindly provided data on phenology of grape berry moths in the Rheingau region, Germany. The German meteorological service (Deutscher Wetterdienst) is acknowledged for providing local air temperature data. We thank three anonymous reviewers for comments on an earlier version of the manuscript and Christiane Jost for linguistic revision. DT research unit belongs to the Labex COTE research program.

Compliance with ethical standards

Ethical Statements

This article is a review paper and does not contain any experiment with animals performed by any of the authors.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhytomedicineGeisenheim UniversityGeisenheimGermany
  2. 2.INRA, UMR 1065 Santé et Agroécologie du Vignoble, Bordeaux Sciences Agro, ISVVVillenave d’Ornon CedexFrance

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