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Journal of Pest Science

, Volume 89, Issue 4, pp 923–930 | Cite as

Evaluation of light attraction for the stored-product psocid, Liposcelis bostrychophila

  • John Diaz-Montano
  • James F. Campbell
  • Thomas W. Phillips
  • Lee W. Cohnstaedt
  • James E. Throne
Original Paper

Abstract

The psocid, Liposcelis bostrychophila Badonnel (Psocoptera: Liposcelididae), is the most widespread psocid pest of stored products. Because L. bostrychophila has developed resistance to several chemical insecticides, it is important to investigate other integrated pest management (IPM) approaches, and a critical part of IPM programs is an effective monitoring program, Monitoring tools for psocids are limited, and few studies have been conducted on monitoring of psocids, with none on the attraction of lights for psocids. Therefore, we studied the response of L. bostrychophila adults to eight wavelengths of light-emitting diodes (LED) in paired-choice pitfall test. Among the LEDs evaluated, the strongest response by L. bostrychophila adults was to 351 nm UV. When LEDs were tested against brewer’s yeast (the most preferred attractant for L. bostrychophila among more than 20 potential attractants found in previous studies), the 351 nm UV wavelength was the only light that attracted more psocids than brewer’s yeast. These results suggest that the use of LEDs might be useful in psocid-monitoring programs for L. bostrychophila and other psocid species.

Keywords

Liposcelis bostrychophila Psocoptera: Liposcelididae Stored products Grains Monitoring Light preferences Behavior 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We thank Ann Redmon, Brian Barnett, and Richard Hammel for excellent technical assistance. TWP was supported by the Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station. Mention of trade names or commercial products in this publication is solely for the purpose of providing specific information and does not imply recommendation or endorsement by the U.S. Department of Agriculture or Kansas State University. USDA is an equal opportunity provider and employer.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg (outside the USA) 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • John Diaz-Montano
    • 1
  • James F. Campbell
    • 1
  • Thomas W. Phillips
    • 2
  • Lee W. Cohnstaedt
    • 3
  • James E. Throne
    • 4
  1. 1.Stored Product Insect and Engineering Research Unit, USDA, Agricultural Research ServiceCenter for Grain and Animal Health ResearchManhattanUSA
  2. 2.Department of EntomologyKansas State UniversityManhattanUSA
  3. 3.Arthropod-Borne Animal Diseases Research Unit, USDA, Agricultural Research ServiceCenter for Grain and Animal Health ResearchManhattanUSA
  4. 4.USDA, Agricultural Research ServiceSan Joaquin Valley Agricultural Sciences CenterParlierUSA

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