Journal of Pest Science

, Volume 89, Issue 1, pp 207–217 | Cite as

First report on Meloidogyne chitwoodi hatching inhibition activity of essential oils and essential oils fractions

  • Jorge Miguel Silva Faria
  • Inês Sena
  • Bruno Ribeiro
  • Ana Margarida Rodrigues
  • Carla Maria Nobre Maleita
  • Isabel Abrantes
  • Richard Bennett
  • Manuel Mota
  • Ana Cristina da Silva Figueiredo
Article

Abstract

The Columbia root-knot nematode (CRKN), Meloidogyne chitwoodi, is an EPPO A2 type quarantine pest since 1998. This nematode causes severe damage in economically important crops such as potato and tomato, making agricultural products unacceptable for the fresh market and food processing. Commonly used nematicidal synthetic chemicals are often environmentally unsafe. Essential oils (EOs) may constitute safer alternatives against RKN. EOs, isolated from 56 plant samples, were tested against CRKN hatching, in direct contact bioassays. Some of the most successful EOs were fractionated and the hydrocarbon molecules (HM) and oxygen-containing molecules (OCM) fractions tested separately. 24 EOs displayed very strong hatching inhibitions (≥90 %) at 2 µL mL−1 and were further tested at lower concentrations. Dysphaniaambrosioides, Filipendula ulmaria, Ruta graveolens, Satureja montana and Thymbra capitata EOs revealed the lowest EC50 values (<0.15 µL mL−1). The main compounds of these EOs, namely 2-undecanone, ascaridol, carvacrol, isoascaridol, methyl salicylate, p-cymene and/or γ-terpinene, were putatively considered responsible for CRKN hatching inhibition. S. montana and T. capitata OCM fractions showed hatching inhibitions higher than HM fractions. The comparison of EO and corresponding fractions EC50 values suggests interactions between OCM and HM fractions against CRKN hatching. These species EOs showed to be potential environmentally friendly CRKN hatching inhibitors; nonetheless, bioactivity should be considered globally, since its HM and OCM fractions may contribute, diversely, to the full anti-hatching activity.

Keywords

Columbia root-knot nematode Dysphaniaambrosioides Filipendula ulmaria Ruta graveolens Satureja montana Thymbra capitata 

Supplementary material

10340_2015_664_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (104 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (PDF 103 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jorge Miguel Silva Faria
    • 1
  • Inês Sena
    • 1
  • Bruno Ribeiro
    • 2
  • Ana Margarida Rodrigues
    • 1
  • Carla Maria Nobre Maleita
    • 3
  • Isabel Abrantes
    • 4
  • Richard Bennett
    • 5
  • Manuel Mota
    • 2
  • Ana Cristina da Silva Figueiredo
    • 1
  1. 1.Centro de Estudos do Ambiente e do Mar LisboaFaculdade de Ciências, Universidade de Lisboa, CBV, DBVLisboaPortugal
  2. 2.NemaLab, ICAAM - Instituto de Ciências Agrárias e Ambientais MediterrânicasUniversidade de ÉvoraÉvoraPortugal
  3. 3.CIEPQPF, Departamento de Engenharia QuímicaUniversidade de CoimbraCoimbraPortugal
  4. 4.IMAR-CMA, Departamento de Ciências da VidaUniversidade de CoimbraCoimbraPortugal
  5. 5.Universidade de Trás-os-Montes e Alto DouroVila RealPortugal

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