Journal of Pest Science

, Volume 88, Issue 3, pp 621–627 | Cite as

Bioactivity of sandalwood oil (Santalum austrocaledonicum) and its main components against the cotton aphid, Aphis gossypii

  • Hyun Sik Roh
  • Junheon Kim
  • Eun-Sik Shin
  • Dong Woon Lee
  • Ho Yul Choo
  • Chung Gyoo Park
Original paper


Control efficacy of sandalwood oil (Santalum austrocaledonicum Vieill) and its main components, α- and β-santalol, which have not been tested before against Aphis gossypii Glover (Hemiptera:Aphididae), was investigated in the laboratory, greenhouse and field bioassays. The main constituents of the commercial sandalwood oil were found to be α-santalol (47.5 %), β-santalol (18.7 %), bergamotol (7.2 %) and lanceol (9.1 %) according to GC and GC-MS analyses. The sandalwood oil was fractionated into an α-santalol-rich fraction (RF), β-santalol RF, and a mixture of α- and β-santalols by silica gel column chromatography. The purity of α-santalol RF was 75.4 % (ratio of α-:β-santalol was 94:6) and that of β-santalol RF was 34.6 % (ratio of α-:β-santalol was 16:84). Laboratory bioassay showed that sandalwood oil, α- and β-santalol RFs had the same and significantly higher repellency and control efficacy against A. gossypii than the two control treatments and that a mixture of α- and β-santalols was toxic to the aphid. Santalol was comparable to imidacloprid (a neonicotinoid insecticide) in its efficacy against A. gossypii infesting Rose of Sharon, Hibiscus syriacus L., with 98.8 % mortality. The control efficacies of sandalwood oil (94.0 %), α-santalol RF (84.2 %), β-santalol RF (90.6 %) and a mixture of α- and β-santalols (88.7 %) against the A. gossypii infesting hot peppers were also comparable to each other in the greenhouse bioassay. Considering its control efficacy against A. gossypii, the application of sandalwood oil and its components may open the possibility of environmentally friendly management of A. gossypii.


Aphis gossypii Aphid Sandalwood oil Essential oil Santalol Hibiscus syriacus Hot peppers 



The authors thank Dr. Bishwo P. Mainali (National Institute of Crop Science) for reviewing the manuscript. HS Roh and J Kim were supported by a scholarship from the BK21+ Program, the Ministry of Education, Korea (F13SR02D2005).

Supplementary material

10340_2014_631_MOESM1_ESM.docx (12 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 12 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hyun Sik Roh
    • 1
  • Junheon Kim
    • 2
  • Eun-Sik Shin
    • 3
  • Dong Woon Lee
    • 4
  • Ho Yul Choo
    • 2
  • Chung Gyoo Park
    • 2
  1. 1.Division of Applied Life Science (BK21+), Research Institute of Life ScienceGyeongsang National UniversityJinjuRepublic of Korea
  2. 2.Division of Applied Life Science (BK21+), Institute of Agriculture and Life SciencesGyeongsang National UniversityJinjuRepublic of Korea
  3. 3.Department of Applied BiologyGyeongsang National UniversityJinjuRepublic of Korea
  4. 4.Major of Applied Biology, School of Ecological Environment and TourismKyungpook National UniversitySangjuRepublic of Korea

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